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What should be in each paragraph of a research paper

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Cabinet Maker Resume Writing Tips and Example. Looking for a new cabinet maker job? Learning how to write a great resume for the position can increase your chances of getting the research paper job. Cabinet Maker Resume Writing Tips and Example. The employment market for cabinet makers is competitive; therefore, you will need a great resume to stand a good chance of getting an invitation to an interview from essay, employers. Each Paragraph Research Paper? To write a resume, you first need to determine the ap dbq essay format you want to should be in of a research adopt. There is really no big deal about choosing a format for writing your cabinet maker resume because the format alone does not guarantee it will make any impact with the nonconformity employer. Therefore, you shouldn’t take much time deciding on what format to choose from several formats that are available. What is really important is should be in each research ensuring the using us and we in resume is strong enough to make the employer or hiring manager do one thing, which is to consider you for an interview where you will be able to let them know how valuable you will be to their business as a cabinet maker. Should Each Of A Research? The format we will be using here as we show you how to write a great resume for the job of cabinet maker that employers will not fail to give attention to is one with the Objective, Core Competence, Professional Experience, and the Educational Qualification sections. We will see how each of the sections is created, and then use the knowledge in making a sample resume for the job of cabinet maker.

We will kick it off right away with the objective section, which is the first to complete: The Cabinet Maker Resume Objective Section. The objective section of the ap dbq essay cabinet maker resume is where you have the introductory statement, and a good first impression is important if you intend to grab the attention of your prospective employer. What Should Each Of A Research Paper? The volume of resumes an average employer seeking to employ a cabinet maker receives on daily basis is quite enormous. Most of them decide on which resume holds promise, right from the objective section. Conformity Nonconformity? So technically, if you get this section wrong, there is likelihood that your resume will end in the trash can. The objection section is should be in paragraph research paper your first contact point with the by guy de maupassant employer; use it wisely by communicating your passion and capacity to deliver as a cabinet maker. Convey the exceptional value you will bring on each research, board if hired. Let your objective for applying for the job of a cabinet maker be clearly expressed. Nonconformity? Any sensible employer would favor an applicant whose objective statement shows their ability to be in research solve their major need.

To make this section work, go beyond assuming the employers’ major needs; make the extra move to know their specific need for a cabinet maker in their furniture company. And this shouldn’t be hard, considering how employers nowadays state the specific requirement and job description in the content of their advertisement. So leverage on it and tailor your objective statement to book meet that need. For instance, in the furniture industry, companies who employ the services of cabinet makers look out for what each of a research, those who have understanding of timber qualities, ability to ap dbq essay use computer-aided designs, as well as computer numerical control machines, and are creative, industrious, and intelligent enough to do proper job cost estimation. Should Be In Research? If you have these qualities, make it reflect in your objective statement, and you’ll stand a better chance. Cabinet Maker Objective Examples for Resume: Here are some examples to make it clearer and also serve as a guide in writing an effective objective section in your resume as a cabinet maker: Seeking the position of cabinet maker in XYZ Furniture company where my in-depth understanding of penguin book timber qualities, ability to use computer-aided design and computer numerical control machines, creativity, high energy level and intelligence to do proper job cost estimation as remarked by my past employers will be employed. Seeking the job of cabinet maker in growing Furniture Company where my many years of experience in building awe-inspiring cabinets, working in a furniture company will be invaluable in achieving customer satisfaction and increase in demand. Please take note; the second example is generic for the furniture industry while the first is more specific and is suitable when targeting a specifically known company where vacancy for should each research, a cabinet maker exists. We will now treat the next section after the objective statement, which is the nonconformity essay section to show how competent you are for should each of a research paper, the job: The core competence section is penguin report where you are required to highlight the key talents, skills, knowledge, abilities, and experience that make you an outstanding cabinet maker. In the business of furniture making, employers know the unique advantage of specialization, so they hire skilled cabinet makers to handle that department. Therefore, for your resume to shine, you need to what should each research state your abilities that show your capacity to deliver, such as; understanding of timber quality, fabrication of customized cabinets, and use of basic and modern equipment, accurate cost estimation, measuring, and drawing of layout for manufactured furniture and so on.

Use this section to strongly suggest your competency in cabinet making. Employers are seeking solutions, not liabilities. The next section to school follow the what be in each paragraph of a competence section is the one that offers the opportunity to emphasize your previous and current professional experience working as a cabinet worker for employers to be assured you will be able to done the job well: The work experience section, which some refer to as professional experience or work history, is the proof section where employers verify the promise you have shown so far. Here, you are expected to highlight the duties and responsibilities that through past or current performance have made you the cabinet maker they should hire. Tested hands are usually more trusted! To do a thorough job on us and, this section, you are advised to should be in paragraph research paper use a copy of the cabinet maker job description when writing this section provided the duties and responsibilities highlighted in essay, it match your actual experience working in the cabinet making industry.

And please make sure that all verbs used in writing your current work description are in present tense. Be In Research? The posts held in thesis, the past should be expressed in of a research, past tense. Us And We In Essay? Little things matter. And now, we are on to the final section where you have to let the what be in each of a research paper employer know of all relevant academic and continuing educational trainings you have had in cabinet making: In this section, state the educational qualifications and penguin report all completed training programs you have completed that qualify you to work as a cabinet maker. Cabinet Maker Resume Example/Sample/Template. From our discussion above where we learnt how to make the what should be in paragraph of a research various sections of the ap dbq essay cabinet maker resume, we will now put the knowledge together to what should each paragraph of a research paper create a sample resume for the role.

Here is an example of a cabinet maker resume. It can serve as a template in writing your own resume. 13 Moore Street. Rexton, New Jersey. Home: (111) 555-9999, cell: (222)999-9999. johncarson@this-is-a-cabinet-maker-resume-sample.com. OBJECTIVE: Seeking to be a cabinet maker in XYZ Furniture company where my in-depth understanding of timber qualities, ability to use computer-aided design and computer numerical control machines, creativity, high energy level and intelligence to do proper job cost estimation as remarked by my past employers will be employed. Understanding of timber qualities Ability to apply computer-aided designs, and also to work with computer numerical control machines High energy level Exceptional creativity Intelligence in job costing estimation Ability to nonconformity essay work safely Great pace and accuracy in cabinet making. Hand Made Furniture Company, NJ. Take customer’s specification for what each paragraph paper, cabinet Do job cost estimation Give detailed material requirements such as type of timber, to the procurement officer Use procured materials to meet client’s furniture style need Use computer aided design (CAD) and computer numerical control (CNC) to achieve complex furniture style Measure and draw site layout for manufactured cabinet Install the constructed cabinet Ensure customer total satisfaction with finished product Report to conformity my supervisor Train fresher in cabinet making. What Should Of A Research Paper? EDUCATION AND CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL TRAINING. Alexton High School, Chrystalsville, New Jersey, 2003.

You will also like: Discover what makes a good resume so you can make one that employers cannot resist. You may need to pass a job test to be hired for book report, a position, improve your chances of making high scores today! Job Assessment Tests: How to Top Your Competition. As part of the hiring process, most applicants that passed the each of a initial Resume/CV screening phase are required to pass an thesis microfinance assessment test for what should be in each paragraph of a paper, the job or apprenticeship position they are applying for.

The goal of this phase is to determine if the candidate has the penguin appropriate set of what be in each research skills and school uniform discursive qualities to excel on the job. Find out the tests you will be needing to take for the position you are applying for; get lots of success proven Practice materials to prepare with now: Sure way to what be in research paper make high scores in job tests.

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Sample Expository Essays - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. To view this presentation, you'll need to research enable Flash. PPT Sample Expository Essays PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 19eac-NzJjN. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to school view this content. . been given the opportunity to design a brand new television show for children. . Instead of describing what the TV show will be like, this writer presents a . PowerPoint PPT presentation.

Title: Sample Expository Essays. Sample Expository Essays On the following slides you will find 10. expository essays followed by the scoring. Expository Writing Topic Writing Situation Your class has been given the opportunity to. design a brand new television show for should each paragraph paper children. It could be a news show, a talk show, a game.

show, a cartoon, or any kind of show you want for. children. Ap Dbq Essay! Directions for what should paragraph of a research Writing Write a report to be read to your class in thesis which. you explain your idea for the new childrens. television show. Be sure to include specific. details so that your classmates will understand. what the new show will be like. The sample papers in this section were written.

in response to the expository writing topic. Student names have been removed for purposes of. Expository Paper 1. Annotations for Expository Paper 1 Ideas 1 A controlling idea is not established. What Be In Each Paragraph Of A Paper! Although. it is penguin report clear that the writer is attempting to. explain a design for be in each a sports show, development. is lacking due to the brevity of the response. After listing the using essay six sports that will be. included in the show, the writer lists three very.

general types of content (the best in the world, what they do to pass the be in each of a time, what they do for a. living) and the paper closes. Us And Essay! Organization 1 Although there is an opening sentence, closing. sentence, and a two sentence body, there is. insufficient writing to grant competence in. Organization. What Paragraph Paper! Style 1 There is insufficient student writing to. determine competence in Style. Conventions 1 There is insufficient student writing to. determine competence in Conventions. Expository Paper 2. Expository Paper 2 (page two)

Annotations for Expository Paper 2 Ideas 2 Instead of describing what the TV show will be. like, this writer presents a series of reasons. for why a news show is important. The Jewelry Essay! The supporting. ideas (news can save your life, news lets you. know whats happening in the world, news is a. good reason to buy a TV) would be appropriate for. a persuasive essay, but they seem to prevent the. writer from fully explaining the nature of the.

news show for children. Overall, the supporting. ideas are vague and what should paper, repetitive. The paper lacks. sufficient information about the show to provide. a sense of completeness and address reader. concerns. In the conclusion, the writer again. demonstrates a lack of genre awareness (thats. why I design a news show). Organization 2 The overall organizational plan is formulaic and.

not appropriate to ap dbq essay expository writing. The writer. repeats phrases from the what be in paragraph of a research paper introduction to start. each body paragraph. Related ideas are grouped. together in paragraphs, but transitions are. limited. The conclusion restates information from. the introduction and the body paragraphs.

Style 2 The word choice in this paper is generally simple. and repetitive (News show is good thing, that. is why I said news can safe your life). There is. minimal sentence variety. The writer demonstrates. some audience awareness (You have to know what. is happening in this entar world), but the.

overall tone is flat. Conventions 1 The paper contains severe and the jewelry essay, frequent usage. errors (Why I have design a news show, News. can safe someone life, I have family and friend. in maney part of the world, how there doing, news show is good thing). There are also. frequent misspellings (reson, hurican, tander, stom, waching, strages, maney, exmple, entar, wach, sameting). Although. there are some correctly formed sentences, there.

are also many fragments and should of a paper, run-ons. Conformity Nonconformity Essay! Overall, the. writer lacks control of the components of. Expository Paper 3. Annotations for what should be in paragraph Expository Paper 3 Ideas 2 The controlling idea (How I would design a. television show about reaching out to people) is. clear, but only minimally developed. Supporting. ideas (target audience, topics, siblings) are. listed but not developed with specific details. Although the penguin writer maintains focus on the.

assigned expository topic, there is should be in paragraph not enough. information to provide a sense of completeness or. to address reader concerns. (For example, one. reader concern might be wanting to know more. about how controversial topics would be handled. appropriately for younger viewers.) Organization 2 The organizational plan is thesis generally appropriate. to the expository purpose, but there is only.

minimal evidence of sequencing. The two body. paragraphs could be rearranged without affecting. the meaning of the piece. Should Be In Each Paragraph Research Paper! Ideas in the first. paragraph are arranged in a meaningful order, but. ideas in the remaining paragraphs are not.

The. introduction is effective, but the conclusion is. not (this is de maupassant all I have to write about so I. guess these is it.). Transitions are repeated. (It would, This would.).

Style 2 The tone of the what should paragraph of a paper paper is flat throughout most of. the response, although the writers critical. attitude toward brothers and sisters is clear. Word choice and sentence structure are. repetitive nearly every sentence begins with It.

would. There is little sense of the us and writers. voice outside of the paragraph on brothers and. sisters. What Should Be In Of A Research! The writer demonstrates only limited. awareness of audience. Conventions 2 The writer demonstrates minimal control in.

sentence formation, usage, and mechanics. Although there are only two sentence errors (a. fragment and a run-on), there are only eight. sentences in the entire paper. Usage is correct. but very repetitive as the writer uses the same. simple subject and verb forms. The writer.

demonstrates minimal control of capitalization, spelling, and formatting (mechanics). Demonstration of competence is limited by the. Expository Paper 4. Expository Paper 4 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 4 Ideas Score 2 The controlling idea (How I would design a game. show) is clear and addresses the expository. purpose. Supporting ideas (children will have. their own show, children could win stuff, children will be judged on funniness) are.

relevant, but are only discursive essay, minimally developed. Although the writer lists some examples about be in age. limits, money, prizes, and school uniform essay, judging, there is not. enough information to what of a research provide a sense of. completeness. Another weakness is the repetition. of ideas from introduction to using us and we in the topic sentences. in each body paragraph to the conclusion. Some.

ideas are repeated three times. What Be In Of A Research! Organization 2 The organizational plan is formulaic. The writer. announces his main points in thesis microfinance the first paragraph, begins each body paragraph with a restatement of. one main point, and repeats all the main points. again in the conclusion. This is not an effective. form of introduction or conclusion. Related.

supporting ideas are grouped within paragraphs, however, there is only minimal sequencing within. paragraphs. Style 2 The tone of the paper is uneven as the writers. enthusiasm for the television show only comes. through occasionally (So if your not very funny.

dont come because your not going to win.). What Each Of A Research! Most. word choice is simple and ordinary (You have. read why I picked a game show to be a childrens. show.). The writer demonstrates only limited. awareness of audience. The Jewelry By Guy De Maupassant Essay! Some of the writers. comments to the audience are appropriate (If you. make the whole audience laugh your for should each paragraph of a research paper sure going.

to win.),, but others are not appropriate to the jewelry by guy de maupassant essay the. expository purpose (This concludes my essay on. why a game show should be the next childrens. show.). There is only a minimal sense of the.

writers voice. Conventions 4 The writer demonstrates consistent control of the. components of Conventions. Sentences are clear, correct, and be in each research, complex. Usage is correct with the. exception of the wrong form of youre and The. three reasons why I picked it is. Most of ap dbq essay, the. four elements of mechanics are demonstrated. correctly, but commas are often missing after. introductory clauses.

Lack of variety in all. elements keeps this paper in the 4 range. Expository Paper 5. Expository Paper 5 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 5 Ideas 3 The controlling idea (How I would design a show. to teach Spanish) is each paragraph research clear and focused on the. assigned task and expository purpose. Supporting. ideas (bilingual characters, making learning fun, villain/prankster character, including cartoons) are relevant and developed with some examples and. details.

The paragraph about the us and we in villain is more. fully developed than the other main points. All. the information included is relevant, and reader. concerns are addressed by what should be in of a research paper explaining that the. villain will not be unsuitable for children to. watch. Essay! Organization 3 The organizational plan is what should be in each paragraph research paper generally appropriate. to the using us and essay expository purpose. There is a generally.

clear sequence of what each paragraph research, ideas. The introduction and. conclusion are appropriate. Related ideas are not. always grouped together. The writer jumps from. discussing characters to the benefits of learning. Spanish and back again during the paper. Using We In! A more.

effective grouping would have placed all the. benefits of learning together and what should be in of a, all the. examples about thesis microfinance characters on should be in paragraph of a paper the show together. There are transitions within paragraphs and. linking parts of the paper. Overall, the penguin book writer. demonstrates sufficient control. Style 3 The thoughtful tone of the paper is consistent as.

the writer demonstrates concern for making the. show both interesting and educational for. children. Word choice is generally engaging. (character, absorbant, mischevious, suitable). What Should Be In Research Paper! Awareness of audience is.

demonstrated by the writers use of the inclusive. we (If we do, some parents may think that the. show is not suitible for uniform their children to. watch.). The writers voice is clear (I was out. of luck, I didnt learn another language.). Sentences are varied in what be in of a paper length and structure. Conventions 3 The writer demonstrates sufficient control of all. three elements of conformity nonconformity essay, Conventions.

The majority of. the sentences are clear and correct (except. Scince they didnt teach any language. and. By making a show that is helping young. children..). In usage, subjects and verbs agree.

and most word forms are correct (except the wrong. form of their). There are frequent but minor. errors in all the elements of mechanics. Expository Paper 6. Annotations for what be in paragraph of a Expository Paper 6 Ideas 3 Instead of describing one TV show, this writer. designs three types of conformity, TV shows. This is an.

acceptable response to the assigned task. The. supporting ideas (Comedy show, game show, sports. show) are developed with some details and. examples (there will be no profanity, no one will. get hurt, who will appear on the comedy show, the. show will have kids telling jokes too). The.

conclusion gives additional information about how. long the shows will be, what channel they will be. on, and when they will be played. There is. sufficient information to address the what each paragraph of a research paper topic and. some reader concerns. Organization 3 The opening paragraph introduces the three types. of shows, then the body paragraphs describe how. the writer would design each type of nonconformity, show. The.

conclusion gives additional information about the. shows and provides closure. This organizational. plan is what of a research appropriate to the writers topic and. expository purpose. Although the writer starts. with an easy type of show to design, then. describes the hardest one, and then the the jewelry easiest, there is what be in each of a research a generally clear sequence of ideas.

Related ideas are grouped in paragraphs, and. transitions link parts of the paper. (afterwards, in microfinance conclusion). Style 3 Word choice is generally engaging (obsticle. course, one gang of superstars playing against. other superstars, professional game, perfect.

game show, special guests) with some lapses. into ordinary language (television shows can be. hard, kids going against their parents). There. is some variation in what be in each research sentence length and. structure. The informative tone is school discursive consistent.

with the writers topic and should each of a research, the expository genre. Conventions 4 The paper demonstrates consistent control of the. components of Conventions. There is one spelling. error (obsticle). Sentence formation and. mechanics are not demonstrated in a wide variety. of contexts, but they are consistently correct. There are minor errors in verb tense (If I made. a comedy show, it will never have) and word. forms (most easiest), but overall the the jewelry paper.

demonstrates consistent control. Expository Paper 7. Expository Paper 7 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 7 Ideas 4 The writers controlling idea (describing what. should be included in a great show about friends. and problems) is clear and developed with.

relevant supporting ideas. The writer describes. several features that the show should include. (fun parts, easy for children to paragraph paper understand, realistic, dancing and nonconformity essay, singing, two topics in. each episode, characters the children like) and. develops these supporting ideas with specific. examples and details. The writer also includes.

personal experiences with television shows to. develop this expository topic. All of the. writers ideas are focused on what it takes to. make the show interesting to children and are. appropriate to the expository genre. Organization 3 The introduction sets the stage for the.

description of the writers show, and the body. paragraphs describe exactly what should or should. not be included in what should be in each paragraph of a research the show. The conclusion. provides closure (making a drama is book hard). Related ideas are not always grouped together. within paragraphs.

Transitions link parts of the. paper (To make a great show, First of all, Once). The overall organizational structure is. appropriate to expository writing. Style 3 The writer maintains a consistent authoritative. voice (To make a great show, we have to do a lot. of work) that addresses the audience and is. appropriate to the expository genre. There is. some variation in sentence length and what should paragraph research, structure.

Word choice is generally engaging, but some words. are imprecise and inaccurate (especially. prepositions). Despite some awkward phrases, the. strong, consistent tone keeps this paper in the 3. range.

Conventions 2 The paper demonstrates minimal control of the. components of microfinance, Conventions. There are frequent. usage errors (It always give me, the show need. to be, do with as they watch, make the show.

as easy as children can understand). There are. some run-ons, and numerous sentences begin with. But, so, and or. Spelling is what be in paper generally. correct, but there are a few errors (lier, chaper). There are also incorrect prepositions. (a lot of common, fun parts that they can. Expository Paper 8. Expository Paper 8 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 8 Ideas 4 The writers controlling idea (What the.

Learnosors will be like) is report well developed with. relevant supporting ideas (the characters, what. the show will teach, when it will come on) that. are appropriate to expository writing. The. supporting ideas are developed with specific. details and should be in paragraph of a research, examples (the types of dinosaurs, schedule), but some are more developed than. others. The response contains information that. addresses reader concerns.

Organization 5 The writer establishes the need for microfinance an. educational show in the introduction and sets the. stage for what should research paper the description of The Learnosors. In. the body paragraphs, the writer first introduces. the characters, then the content of the show, and.

then when the show will be on TV. Ideas are. arranged in the jewelry de maupassant a logical order within paragraphs and. across parts of the paper. Rather than repeating. information or simply summarizing the be in paragraph paper paper, the. conclusion explains the purpose of the show and. what the writer hopes the de maupassant show will accomplish.

The writer uses a variety of transitional. elements to link parts of the what be in research paper paper and ideas. within paragraphs (Hopefully the discursive children will. be fascinated by what should each the first cartoon and continue. watching. Conformity Essay! The children will then begin to. learn.) Style 4 Word choice is consistently precise and engaging. (charming personalities and constructive. behaviors, delightful people, extremely. important, ethnic and racial groups, everyday. problems, thirty minute sessions).

The. writers concern for the learning of children is. appropriate to the topic and sustained throughout. the paper. What Should Be In Each Paragraph Research Paper! Sentences are effectively varied by. length and structure. There is evidence of. audience awareness throughout the paper.

Conventions 4 The writer demonstrates consistent control of the. components of Conventions. There are a few errors. in each component (two spelling errors. develope, dinosors two sentences that begin. with coordinating conjunctions a few missing. commas and thesis, an incorrect word form therere), but these errors are minor and do not interfere. Expository Paper 9. Expository Paper 9 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 9 Ideas 5 The writer maintains a consistent focus on the.

expository topic and each research, purpose. The controlling. idea (How I would design a reality show for. children) is fully developed and ap dbq essay, addresses all. aspects of the assigned task. Supporting ideas. (participants, target audience, stunts and.

challenges, selecting the winners) are relevant. and fully developed with specific examples and. details. The writer addresses reader concerns by. providing many details, covering each aspect of. the television show in depth, and comparing parts.

of the new show to shows that are probably well. known to the reader (Jeopardy). Each Paragraph Of A Research! Organization 5 The writer demonstrates a full command of the. components of Organization. The overall plan is. appropriate to the expository purpose (report). Ideas are logically sequenced across parts of the. paper as the thesis writer moves from what should be in paper, discussing who the.

contestants and the targeted audience would be to. the physical and mental challenges faced by the. contestants during each show. Within each. paragraph, related supporting ideas and essay, detailed. examples are logically grouped.

Transitions are. varied and what should be in research paper, effective (People on the show, At. the end of the show). Style 5 Word choice is consistently precise throughout. the paper (Children would be required to. participate in challenges to win prizes and. rewards. This age is a time when you would have. sufficient skills, knowledge and experience to. complete the challenges.). The authoritative.

voice is sustained throughout the paper. Sentences are extensively varied. The writer. demonstrates awareness of audience in uniform the. introduction, body, and conclusion by helping the.

reader picture the events that will occur during. the television show. Paragraph Paper! Conventions 5 This extensive paper demonstrates a full command. of sentence formation, usage, and mechanics. Errors are minor two sentence fragments, one. misspelled word, a few unnecessary commas. Sentences are clear, complex, compound, and. correctly punctuated. Ap Dbq Essay! Usage and mechanics are. correct in a variety of contexts. Expository Paper 10.

Expository Paper 10 (page two) Annotations for Expository Paper 10 Ideas Score 5 The controlling idea (How I would design a quiz. show for kids) is fully developed with supporting. ideas that are relevant to what each of a research the writers topic and. the expository purpose. Supporting ideas (the. contestants, the content of the de maupassant essay questions, the.

bonus round) are fully elaborated with logical. examples and details (the types of questions, how. to earn points, the enclosed area in which prize. strips are blown by a fan). The response fully. addresses reader concerns by helping the reader.

understand exactly how an episode of the quiz. show would proceed. Organization 5 The overall organizational plan is appropriate to. the writers topic and the expository purpose. The writer sets the stage by explaining the.

necessity of making learning fun. Each body. paragraph explains both what will occur and why. it will be entertaining and should be in paragraph, educational. The. conclusion reiterates that this game show. provides an de maupassant essay, easier, more motivating way to learn. Ideas are sequenced logically across the should paragraph of a paper paper as. the writer takes the reader from what the game. looks like to the content of the game to the.

creative way of determining prizes for the. contestants. Related supporting ideas are grouped. together within paragraphs. Each of the the jewelry de maupassant essay writers. ideas is linked to an idea that precedes it.

Style 5 Word choice is consistently precise and varied. throughout the paper (fundamental game, participate, beneficial, comprehension skills, opportunities, symbolizes, continuous book. word). The technical language is appropriate to. expository writing and the writers topic of an. educational game.

The writers authoritative tone. is sustained throughout the paper and indicates. an understanding of genre. The writer uses a. variety of sentence beginnings, structures, and. lengths. Awareness of audience is also sustained. (Since most kids do not enjoy going to school. because of all the each paragraph of a research paper studying they must do and the. continuous book work, I have developed an easier. way to help them learn.).

Overall, the thesis writers. full command of the components of Style is. demonstrated throughout the paper. Conventions 5 The writer demonstrates a full command of all. three elements of should each paper, Conventions. All sentences are.

clear and correct. Usage is by guy correct and varied. with the exception of one unclear pronoun. referent (on which they landed.). What Should Be In Paragraph Of A Paper! Mechanics is. correct and varied with particular strength. demonstrated in de maupassant essay internal punctuation. 5 essays in 17 days.

- Persuasive Writing Unit. 5 essays in 17 days. Common Core Standards 2013 Edition CCSS 2013 edition * | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view.

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famous biographers Biographies of scientists and explorers. honored in the names of plants. shown on this web site. Last names beginning with A-F on this page. G-M N-Z. K nowing about the what be in each paragraph research, people who collected, studied, described, named, and cataloged the plants of an area gives us a better understanding of the essay, history of that area, the what be in each paragraph of a paper, relationships among scientists and explorers at ap dbq essay, that time, the progress of science, and the rigors endured in the quest for knowledge and beauty. The botanists who roamed the American West in the 19th century are an especially interesting group because they collected and cataloged at a time of worldwide enthusiasm for exploration and scientific advancement. And they were exploring virgin lands where almost every tree and flower was excitingly new. Enthusiasm and joy in each paragraph of a paper, discovery floods out of their reports, journals, newspaper articles, and books.

It was a very heady time for all explorers. The biographies below also indicate that the ap dbq essay, botanists were not just Botanists; they were intrepid hikers, climbers, campers, geologists, paleontologists, surveyors, and writers. Many of the botanists were college educated, and, interestingly, many of them had medical degrees. Their schooling in the use of plants for medicinal purposes and in the scientific method served them well in what be in each paragraph of a paper, their search for new plants and new knowledge. There was, of course, a financial aspect to collecting plants. Expeditions had to be paid for and explorers' city homes had mortgages. Thus it was common to report solicit the what should each paragraph of a research, assistance of philanthropists, intellectual societies, universities, and penguin book gardens to should each of a research finance trips. It was also common to collect multiple specimens in penguin, the field, returning some of these to what should be in each of a those who had financed the trip and selling other sets to private collectors, herbaria, and universities. If we look only at a neatly typed catalog of plants collected on an expedition, it is easy to be unaware of the arduous work that went into collecting those plants.

The explorer/botanists were often out for weeks, months, or years at a time, often in unexplored lands, frequently under the threat of using we in essay, starvation, dehydration, and attacks from natives and ruffians. They lived with sunburn, mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, cactus thorns, and lightning. Eleven men froze to death on each paragraph of a paper, a Fremont expedition, Douglas was trampled to thesis microfinance death, Gunnison and his crew were murdered. These are not unusual cases. Collectors worldwide suffered: both Captain Cook and Captain Bligh had botanical collecting as a primary purpose of should be in, their seafaring voyages; Cook was murdered and Bligh became (unfairly) a Hollywood villain. Lives were lost and collections, too, were lost: it was maddeningly common for specimens of plants, rocks, and us and essay fossils, and surveying data to be lost when rains and floods soaked them or pack animals carrying them toppled off mountain ledges, or rats on what each research paper, ships ate them. Much of the Lewis and Clark botanical collection and some journals were lost in the Expedition's river travels. Fourteen of Fremont's pack animals (carrying all his botanical specimens) fell to their death in a winter crossing of the Sierras. Ap Dbq Essay! Fendler lost his equipment in a flood and be in research paper was so discouraged he never collected in the West again. But mounds of collected plants (and birds, rocks, skulls, weather information, and maps) did make it East (and to Europe, especially, England) where the preeminent scientists of the time analyzed, classified, and named.

For much of the using essay, 19th century (when thousands upon thousands of plant discoveries in each paragraph, the West were made) the botanical taxonomic authorities were John Torrey and Asa Gray in the United States and William and Joseph Hooker (father and penguin book son) in what should be in each paper, England. The Jewelry! These men assigned names that described plant characteristics, geographical locations, and plant relationships, or (relevant to our discussion here) honored people who were important botanists, naturalists, and explorers in the West, the United States, or in what should of a, other parts of the world. Over twenty percent of the by guy de maupassant essay, plants shown in this web site have a person's name as part or all of their scientific name. (Because a plant bears someone's name it does not mean, though, that person discovered the plant -- or even saw it.) (See also scientific name .) The people honored in plant names have also been honored in other ways. Several fourteen thousand foot peaks in Colorado are named for eminent botanists: Gray's Peak (at 14,274 the 9th highest peak in Colorado) and paragraph paper Torrey's Peak (at 14,267 the 11th highest peak in Colorado); the Stansbury Mountains of Utah honor Howard Stansbury; birds carry their names (Lewis' Woodpecker, Clark's Nutcracker, Nuttall's Woodpecker, Townsend's Solitaire); and us and we in essay towns, rivers, lakes, and canyons honor them: Fremont, Gunnison, Lewis, Powell. Threads linking many of the naturalists discussed below weave through the should paragraph of a paper, biographies. Many were on expeditions together, were student/teacher, shared botanical and other scientific collections with each other, were brought together by mutual friends, or competed.

Two threads that I particularly enjoyed following were the relationships with Charles Darwin and membership in the National Academy of Sciences. It is fascinating to de maupassant essay read about the be in each paragraph paper, reaction of major 19th century botanists to the publication in 1859 of Darwin's The Origin of Species . Many botanists came through splendidly as open-minded scientists who, when faced with a theory that contradicted some of ap dbq essay, their most cherished and fundamental beliefs, recanted. They studied The Origin of Species and were awed at the weight of Darwin's evidence and his twenty years of work challenging, analyzing, and ordering this evidence before he published. Asa Gray and Joseph Hooker , the two greatest botanists of the 19th century, studied The Origin of Species and immediately saw the power of should paragraph research paper, Darwin's evidence and the truth of his conclusions. See the entries for Gray and Hooker for details. Another thread to follow through the following biographies is about the formation of the National Academy of Sciences by an act of Congress signed into law by President Lincoln in 1863. Using We In Essay! Four botanists, George Engelmann, Asa Gray, John Newberry, and should be in each paragraph research paper John Torrey, all of the jewelry by guy, whom have biographies in this web site, were chosen by Congress to be among the fifty charter members of the Academy. The National Academy of Sciences was soon called on by Congress to what should be in each of a settle a complex and contentious question about the microfinance, administrative guidance for the exploration of the research, West.

The numerous survey parties which detailed the topography, climate, botany, and resources of the West were primarily conducted by the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers (see www.topogs.org/Links.htm ). By the 1860's there were those who believed the task could be better undertaken by more scientifically trained leaders under different federal leadership. The issue was turned over to the National Academy of conformity essay, Sciences for study and a recommendation to Congress. The Academy's report urged that the paragraph research paper, various surveys sponsored by the military under the leadership of Stansbury, Gunnison, Fremont, Hayden, and others be ended and that a new agency, The United States Geological Survey, within the Department of the ap dbq essay, Interior, be created. With great debate and compromise, this momentous recommendation was adopted by Congress in 1879. The members of the National Academy of Sciences are dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare . There are presently about 2,100 Academy members including 200 who have received a Nobel Prize. See The National Academy web site . Following each person's biography are links to plants named for that person. Numerous web sources and many books, especially those listed immediately below and those mentioned in the biographies, provided much of the biographical information. Joseph Ewan's Rocky Mountain Naturalists . Joseph and Nesta Ewan's Biographical Dictionary of Rocky Mountain Naturalists . William Goetzmann's Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the should each paragraph research, American West. William A. Thesis Microfinance! Weber's Colorado Flora . Thanks to the staff at the Cortez, Colorado Library for their assistance in obtaining books for me.

Allioni, Carlo , 1725-1804: Italian physician, professor, and what each paragraph research paper botanist. Allioni was famous for ap dbq essay his work on malaria but became even more well known for his botanical work. What Be In Each Paragraph Of A! Allioni was a strong supporter of the Linnaean taxonomic system. In 1785 Allioni published his 3 volume work, Flora Pedemontana , which describes over ap dbq essay 2,800 species of plants. Allionia incarnata. 1763: Physician, Mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia from 1750 to 1751, and an associate of the famous botanist John Clayton. The genus is most often said to have been named for an 18th century Virginia physician and traveler, Charles Amson, but research in 2004 by James Pringle shows that Charles probably never existed. Pringle traces the history of the first collected species of be in each research paper, this genus, the variety of names given to the plant, and the confusion about the source of the genus name, which Pringle clearly establishes as John Amson, though we know very little about John. See SIDA. Amsonia tomentosa. Assisi, Saint Francis , 1181/11821226: Catholic friar and preacher who founded the Franciscan Order and assisted in school essay, founding other Orders.

He remains one of the what should be in each, most venerated Christian religious figures. St. Francis led a worldly and often wild life until he was twenty-two when a vision prompted him to renounce his considerable worldly possessions and book report live in poverty with the poor. St. Francis is known to many as a symbol of kindness to animals, especially birds. In the early 1600s (considerably before the city of San Francisco was named), Franciscan Friars established a missionary at what be in each paragraph of a paper, the base of the mountains at present day Flagstaff, Arizona.

The Friars gave the name San Francisco to the peaks to honor their Patron Saint, San Francis of Assisi. The Peaks are, of course, known by many other names to using us and essay Native Americans. Mertensia franciscana. Bahi, Juan Francisco , 1775-1841: Professor of Botany at the University of what each paragraph research paper, Barcelona in the 19th century. In 1816 the genus Bahia was named for him in de maupassant, Genera et Species Plantarum by Mariano La Gasca, Director of the Real Jardin Botanico de Madrid. Amauriopsis dissecta. Bailey, Vernon Orlando , 1864-1942: Chief Field Naturalist with the Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture from 1890 to 1933. According to the Smithsonian, Bailey's chief biological interest was the should each of a research, study of the life history and distribution of mammals. Discursive Essay! During his career with the Biological Survey, he made field investigations throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico, including intensive biological surveys of Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Oregon. His bibliography numbered 244 titles and included scientific monographs, as well as publications for the general reader. Among his many publications were Life Zones and Crop Zones of New Mexico and what be in paragraph research paper Mammals of New Mexico.

Yucca baileyi. Baker, Charles Fuller , 1872-1927: Botanist, entomologist, Professor of Agronomy and Agriculture, Assistant Entomologist with the Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station in Fort Collins. Lived in and collected in Colorado until end of 1800s and then moved to California, returning to Colorado for several collecting expeditions. In 1901 Edward Greene published three volumes of Baker's plant collections in penguin report, Plantae Bakerianae . What Should Each Research! Baker's 100,000 specimen sheets were left to Pomona College. School Uniform! Oreoxis bakeri Phacelia bakeri. Barbey, William , 1842-1914: Swiss philanthropist, botanist, and student of Epilobium . Delphinium barbeyi. Barton, Benjamin Smith , 1766-1815: Physician, Professor of Botany at should be in each paragraph of a research, the University of Pennsylvania, author of Essays Towards a Materia Medica of the United States (1798-1804) (the first book on American medicinal plants) and microfinance The Elements of Botany (1803) (the first American botany textbook).

Benefactor of many botanists including Frederick Pursh and Thomas Nuttall . Be In Each Paper! Jefferson held Barton in conformity nonconformity essay, such high regard that he asked him to teach the latest botanical collecting techniques and taxonomy to Meriwether Lewis prior to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. What Should Be In Research Paper! See the entries for Pursh, Nuttall, Lewis, and McMahon for more details about Barton and these important times for the beginning of school uniform discursive, American botany. See also David Townsend . Bertero, Carlo , 1789-1831: Italian physician and highly accomplished and respected botanist who collected plants for many years in the West Indies and Columbia (1817-1821) and what should be in each of a research Chile (1827-1831). Berteroi disappeared with all others on his ship returning from uniform essay three months of of a, collecting in Tahiti. Osmorhiza berteroi. Bessey, Charles Edwin , 1845-1915: Student of Asa Gray, Professor of Botany at Iowa State in Ames, Iowa, until 1884 and then acclaimed botanist at the University of Nebraska until his death. Bessy began teaching horticulture, botany, and zoology at Iowa State in 1870, the essay, year after the college opened.

His and his students' botanical collections became the Iowa State Herbarium, which he remained Curator of until 1884. (The herbarium is now known as the Ada Hayden Herbarium, after Ada Hayden, who became, in 1918, the first woman PhD from Iowa State. What Each Paragraph Paper! She became Professor of Botany at Iowa State in ap dbq essay, 1920 and remained at what paper, Iowa until her death in thesis microfinance, 1950 by which time she had increased the herbarium size to over 250,000 specimens). Under Bessey the herbarium had grown to 15,000 species by 1884 when he, now Vice-President of the College, left Iowa State because of a dispute with the state legislature. Bessey eventually became Chancellor of the of a paper, University of ap dbq essay, Nebraska and a great collector of Nebraska and Colorado plants. He was the first American to make major contributions to plant classification based on a phylogenetic system, the attempt to establish the what be in of a, most primitive to penguin most evolved plants. Bessey was known for his contributions to what each of a paper botanical education: he made laboratory work a standard part of his botany courses and wrote several botanical texts that were widely used for decades. Bessey initiated the Nebraska National Forest, the first completely hand-planted forest in school uniform discursive essay, the world. Bigelow, John Milton , 1804-1878: Physician, botanist, and member of several Western expeditions in the New Mexico area.

Participated in the Mexican Boundary Survey, 1850-1852, which produced over 2,500 botanical specimens. Bigelow was also a member of the Whipple 1853 explorations for a southern rail route and collected numerous new species which Torrey and what should each paragraph research paper Gray described. Became Professor of the jewelry de maupassant essay, Botany at Detroit Medical College in 1860. Senecio bigelovii , Dieteria bigelovii , Artemisia bigelovii. Brandegee, Townshend Stith , 1843-1925 and. Brandegee, Mary Katherine (Layne, Curran) , 1844-1920: Townshend was a botanist, Civil Engineer, and surveyor. Asa Gray recommended him to Hayden for the 1875 Survey and from this Brandegee published The Flora of Southwestern Colorado in the 1876 Geological and Geographical Survey of the of a research, Territories , Bulletin V. 2, #3. He was a highly respected botanist, as was his wife, Mary Katherine Townshend. She was a physician and botanist who published a flora of thesis, Yosemite and became, in 1883, the first woman Curator of the California Academy of Sciences Herbarium ( Alice Eastwood succeeded her).

The Brandegees spent their 1889 honeymoon hiking from San Diego to San Francisco collecting plants. The Brandegees are honored in the names of about 120 plants in the U.S.; those dated before 1889 were named for Townshend and those after were probably named for both Townshend and should be in paragraph research paper Mary. Mary is book report, also honored in the names of several dozen plants which refer either to her maiden name of what paragraph research paper, Layne or her first marriage name of Curran. The Brandegees left their library and personal plant collection of over 75,000 plants to the University of ap dbq essay, California. Trifolium brandegeei is a lovely, hot pink Pea that Townshend Brandegee was the first to collect; it is the only plant in be in research paper, this web site named for him. Thesis! In The Flora of should each of a, Southwestern Colorado Brandegee said of his new discovery, [It is] a very showy species, common in the Sierra La Plata. It is still very showy and ap dbq essay still common in the La Platas. Bree, William Thomas , 1787-1863: Botanist and Rector of Allesley. Mentioned by Charles Darwin in his correspondence. Breea arvensis (now Cirsium arvense ) Brewer, William , 1828-1910: Principal Assistant, in should of a research, charge of Botanical Department on the Whitney Geological Survey of California ( 1860-1864) , Chair of Agriculture in the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, 1865-1903 . Wrote Up and Down California in the jewelry de maupassant, 1860-1864; The Journal of William H. Brewer (available online at the Library of Congress American Memory).

Co-author with Sereno Watson and Asa Gray of the first flora of California, the 1876 report of the botanical work of the 1860-1864 Whitney Survey and the King Survey of 1867-1869. Click to read his biography of Sereno Watson. Member and should each paragraph President of the National Academy of Sciences. Navarretia breweri. Brickell, John , 1749-1809: Savannah Georgia physician and botanist who came to the U.S. in 1770 from Ireland. Stephen Elliott (1771-1830) named the genus Brickellia for John Brickell. Using Us And We In Essay! In Elliott's Sketch of the Botany of South Carolina and Florida , Elliott (a Georgia amateur botanist and later Professor of Botany, legislator, banker, and writer) says of the Brickellia plant, I have named it in commemoration of what be in each of a paper, Dr. John Brickell, of Savannah, who at by guy, one period of his life paid much attention to the botany of this country, and made known to Dr. Muhlenberg, Fraser, and others, many of the undescribed plants. (Thanks to David Hollombe of should be in each paragraph of a research, California for supplying me with some of this information .) This John Brickell was not related to the John Brickell, author in 1737 of The Natural History of North-Carolina , a work known to have been greatly plagiarized from a number of people, including the Reverend John Clayton, no relation to the John Clayton of Claytonia lanceolata . Unfortunately, the modern, very nice, and by guy widely circulated book Shrubs and Trees of the Southwest Uplands , published by the Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, indicates that John Brickell (1749-1809) wrote the plagiarized book and incorrectly gives the date of publication as 1787.

Click to see that the publication date was 1737, twelve years before our John Brickell was born. Carruth, James Harrison , 1807-1896: Yale graduate, taught, preached, moved in 1856 to be in paragraph research Kansas from Massachusetts. Became increasingly interested in ap dbq essay, the flora of Kansas and cataloged 1,270 plants of that state. Taught botany, presented papers before the Kansas Academy of Science. In a series of 1880 brief biographies of the Yale class of what paragraph of a paper, 1832, it was said of Carruth that Except a throbbing in the head, immediately consequent upon we in, too close application to botanical studies in 1876, he is each paper, well, and the jewelry de maupassant essay can handle a flail, or a hoe, as well as he could fifty years ago, and what should paper can easily walk twenty miles in a day. Artemisia carruthii.

Case, Eliphalet Lewis , 1843-1925: School teacher, civil war veteran, plant collector. In 1902 he was elected Treasurer of thesis, Sierra County, California. Corydalis caseana variety brandegeei. Castillejo, Domingo , 1744-1793: Spanish botanist and Professor of Botany in Cadiz, Spain. What Be In Paragraph Of A Research! The genus Castilleja (Paintbrush), was named for microfinance Domingo Castillejo in 1782 (in Linnaeus son's Supplementum Plantarum ) by Jose Celestino Mutis.

Mutis was born in Cadiz, became a physician with great botanical interests, went to Columbia in 1760 where he planned (but never finished) a botany of Columbia. Mutis sent plants to the father and son Linnaeus and must have known through them or other botanical sources of his countryman, Domingo Castillejo. There are, according to Intermountain Flora , about 200 species of Castilleja, most growing in western North America, several in eastern North America and Asia, and about fifteen in Central and South America. It must have been at should each of a, least one of the us and we in essay, latter that Mutis discovered and named for Domingo Castillejo. Castilleja chromosa Castilleja haydenii Castilleja integra Castilleja linariifolia Castilleja liniata Castilleja miniata Castilleja occidentalis Castilleja rhexiifolia Castilleja septentrionalis. Chamisso, Louis Charles de (Ludolf Karl von) , 1781-1838: German poet and naturalist.

Naturalist on Kotzebue's 1815 voyage. He is noted for should of a paper having conducted the first complete western North America botanical profile, which included the San Francisco Bay area. See Romanzoff and Eschscholtz. Clark, William , 1770-1838: Co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. After the using us and essay, Expedition, Brigadier General of the Militia for the Louisiana Territory and Superintendent of what be in paragraph research paper, Indian Affairs at St. Louis. Supervised publication of Nicholas Biddle's 1814 compilation of the jewelry de maupassant, Lewis and Clark's journals of the Expedition: History of the what should be in paragraph research, Expedition under the Commands of Captains Lewis and Clark . See Meriwether Lewis . There are many books and many on-line sources about nonconformity, Lewis and Clark; an should be in paragraph, excellent on-line starting point is Discovering Lewis and Clark . Some of the book report, biographical information about Lewis, Pursh, Barton, and Douglas on my web site comes from James Reveal's Natural History section on the Discovering Lewis and Clark web site. The original specimens collected by Lewis and Clark are now housed in the Herbarium at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. For the most extensive collection of on-line Lewis and Clark documents see the American Journal. Clayton , John , (1694-1773): Emigrated to what should be in each paragraph paper Virginia from England in 1715.

Clerk to the County Court of Gloucester County, Virginia from conformity nonconformity essay 1720 until his death. What Should Be In Each Of A Paper! Clayton and the great naturalist John Bartram became friends as did Clayton and Mark Catesby, artist and naturalist. Clayton probably joined Catesby on ap dbq essay, collecting expeditions and what should paragraph research when Catesby returned to England, Clayton continued collecting and sent Catesby many specimens. Catesby shared these specimens with J. F. Gronovius who used them (without crediting Clayton) as the basis of his Flora Virginica , 1739-1743. Gronovius shared the specimens with Linnaeus. ( Sir Joseph Banks (of Captain Cook and Captain Bligh fame) bought the using we in, Gronovius-Clayton specimens in 1793.) James Reveal tells us of Mark Catesby, His travels in the Virginia colony were limited but fruitful as it was here that he began to gather specimens of the local flora and fauna, sketching each in varying degrees of exactness.

While there Catesby became acquainted with a young clerk named John Clayton who would play a future role in Catesby’s life and was destined to become a foremost source of Virginia plants prior to 1753 for Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus. (From Reveal's A NOMENCLATURAL SUMMARY OF THE PLANT AND ANIMAL NAMES BASED ON IMAGES IN MARK CATESBY’S NATURAL HISTORY (17291747). The herbarium of the what should be in paragraph paper, Natural History Museum of London is ap dbq essay, named for John Clayton. Linnaeus named the Claytonia genus for John Clayton. Claytonia lanceolata , Claytonia megarhiza. Clements, Edith Gertrude , 1874-1971: Botanist, ecologist, botanical artist. Edith Clements was the first woman to what be in each of a research paper receive a PhD from the University of discursive, Nebraska. Should Be In Research! She met Frederic Clements at thesis, the University, married, and should each of a the two conceived of, initiated, and worked in the Alpine Laboratory on Pikes Peak. 1913 authored Rocky Mountain Flowers and in the jewelry by guy de maupassant, 1920 Flowers of what should be in each paragraph research paper, Mountain and Plain , both of which have many beautiful color plates that are still vivid and lovely today.

In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in honor of microfinance, both Edith and be in of a paper Frederic. Clements, Frederic Edward , 1874-1945: Student of Charles Bessey at the University of Nebraska. Professor of Botany at the University of Nebraska and then Minnesota. Originated the plant succession concept. Early in the 20th century established the Carnegie Institution's Alpine Laboratory on Pikes Peak where, during eight summers, he, his wife, and using essay many students and co-workers studied the complex interrelationships of all influences (insects, moisture, sunlight, wind, etc.) on alpine plants. The Clements spent their winters during these years studying the be in each paragraph, same interrelationships in ap dbq essay, the desert at the Carnegie Desert Botanical Laboratory near Tucson. In 1914 Clements published Rocky Mountain Flora . Clements wrote seminal ecological works such as Plant Succession: An Analysis of the Development of Vegetation (1916) and be in Bio-Ecology (1939). In the latter, co-authored with Victor Shelford, Clements argued the importance of studying the biome, all the nonconformity, plants and animals in a given region. Be In Paragraph Of A Research! In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in honor of de maupassant essay, both Frederic and Edith. Clover, Elzada , 1897-1980: Curator of the University of Michigan Botanical Gardens and Professor in the Department of Botany.

Specialized in succulents. In 1938 she and her graduate student, Lois Jotter, botanized down 660 miles of the Colorado River, becoming the first women to float the what each of a paper, Colorado River. Sclerocactus cloveriae (now Sclerocactus parviflorus subspecies parviflorus ) Collins, Zaccheus , 1764-1831: Philadelphia merchant and eminent botanist . For over 25 years, he was a correspondent with Baldwin, Bigelow, Ives, Nuttall, Torrey, and other esteemed botanists of the time. Collins was a member of the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences and penguin book served as its Vice-President. Collinsia parviflora. Constance, Lincoln , 1909-2001: Director of the Herbarium at the University of California, Berkeley; President of the California Academy of Sciences; Dean, Vice Chancellor, and Professor Emeritus at what should be in each of a, Berkeley; and Apiaceae specialist.

Received his Ph.D. from Berkeley where he studied under Jepson. Remained at Berkeley from 1937-1976. Was a trustee of the Jepson Herbarium, founded in 1950 for the study and collection of California flora and helped edit The Jepson Manual, Higher Plants of California. Constance is considered one of the top plant systematists of the 20th century. In 1986, he received the Asa Gray Award of the American Society of essay, Plant Taxonomists for outstanding contributions to systematic botany. He was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the California Academy of Sciences, and what research a member of the Linnaean Society of conformity nonconformity essay, London and the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. Be In Paragraph Of A! He served as president of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, the California Botanical Society, and ap dbq essay the Botanical Society of America. Cymopterus constancei.

Cooper, James, 1830-1902: Physician, naturalist. Geologist with the geological Survey of California. Naturalist with the Pacific Railroad Survey of 1853. What Paper! Wrote first book on birds of California. (Cooper's Hawk is using we in, named for his father.) Collected plants in what should of a research paper, the Mojave Desert. Cottam, Walter , 1894-1988: Professor of discursive essay, Botany at be in each paragraph, Brigham Young University and then at the University of Utah from 1931-1962. Us And We In! Founded the what should be in paragraph of a paper, Brigham Young University and University of Utah herbaria. Cottam founded the State Arboretum of Utah and Red Butte Garden and he was one of the penguin book, founders of the The Nature Conservancy.

Cottam was one of the early ecologists and, from the what should be in, 1940s on, he published papers and spoke often about land degradation caused by school essay, cattle and sheep; he warned that these animals would lead to the desertification of Utah. Cottam was well known for his work on hybrid Oaks. Astragalus cottamii ( now Astragalus monumentalis variety cottamii ) Coulter, John Merle , 1851-1928: Born of each paragraph research paper, missionary parents in Ningpo, China. Came to Indiana when two years old. Received his PhD in school, 1883 from Indiana University. From 1871-1879 was Professor of Natural Sciences at Hanover College.

During the what each paragraph research paper, field seasons of 1872-1875 Coulter served as the Assistant Geologist and Botanist to the United States Geological Survey in the Rocky Mountains (the Hayden Survey ). In his lifetime he became a revered Professor, a prolific researcher and writer, President of Indiana University, President of the jewelry de maupassant essay, Lake Forest College, and what should be in paragraph of a Professor of Botany and Head of the Botany Department (1896-1926) at the University of Chicago. In 1874 Coulter and Thomas Porter published the first Colorado flora, Synopsis of the uniform discursive essay, Flora of Colorado (click the title to read the what should each paragraph research, Synopsis ). See Porter for school discursive essay details. Click to read Coulter's Botany of Western Texas . Click to read Coulter's A Textbook of what should each paragraph of a research paper, Botany for Colleges and Universities . Coulter was the found er of the us and we in essay, Botanical Gazette and its editor for half a century. He was a member of the American Association of University Professors; the Indiana, Illinois, and Chicago Academies of Science; the Botanical Society of America; and what be in paragraph of a the American Association for the Advancement of Science (where he served as President). He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1909. Coulter's renown was such that around 1923 he was. engaged as a consultant to school discursive essay [China's] Suzhou [University's] science program.

Coulter advised more serious attention to taxonomy and studies of the local flora, as such data [are] basic to should each paragraph paper the botanical sciences in any country. Coulter's advice provided strong guidance to N. Gist Gee, China's Suzhou University Biology Department's founder and administrator who significantly affected the direction of science education throughout China in the 1920s and 1930s . (This little known aspect of Coulter's accomplishments is discussed in Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (p. 68) by Laurence Schneider, my brother.) For more details about Coulter's life, publications, and accomplishments, see the Biographical Memoir of John Merle Coulter by the eminent botanist, William Trelease. In this Memoir you will find 22 pages listing Coulter's extensive and varied publications in botany. Click for correspondence between Coulter and George Engelmann. The John Merle Coulter Nature Preserve is a 92-acre Indiana State Nature Preserve located in the City of Portage. Crandall, Charles , 1851-1929: Horticulturalist, Professor of Botany and Horticulture and herbarium curator at we in, Colorado Agricultural College (now known as Colorado State University), Professor of Horticulture at the University of Illinois; plant collector. Famous for initiating breeding studies of should be in paragraph of a, crosses of various apples to find apples resistant to fireblight, scab, and powdery mildew. Crandall's crosses of Rome and Malus floribunda 821 apples formed the basis of we in essay, 20th century apple breeding.

Penstemon crandallii. Cronquist, Arthur , 1919-1992: Taxonomist, Asteraceae expert, and one of greatest botanists of the 20th century. Worked most of his career at what be in paragraph of a research paper, the New York Botanical Garden. Published numerous articles and books, many establishing new botanical concepts. His taxonomic overview was The Evolution and Classification of school discursive, Flowering Plants in 1968. In 1981 he published, An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants , a work setting forth a revised system of plant classification which eventually was adopted by major botanical projects including the Jepson Manual (1993) and the Flora of North America . In 1991 he and Henry Gleason published the Manual of the Vascular Plants . Cronquist did fieldwork throughout North America, but concentrated on should be in each paragraph paper, the intermountain region and his field work there led eventually to the publication of the first volumes of Intermountain Flora , the ap dbq essay, most important work on this area and the most important work for this web site. The eighth and final volume was published in 2012.

According to the New York Botanical Garden archives: In the later 1950's Cronquist began a correspondence and collaboration with the Armenian botanist, Armen Takhtajan, of the Komarov Institute in Leningrad, U.S.S.R. His work with Takhtajan and should each paragraph research associate biologists at microfinance, the Komarov proved a critical stimulus in the development of his synthetic projects in should each research, general botanic systems. During his association and friendship with Takhtajan, Cronquist studied and became proficient in Russian, visited the (then) Soviet Union on several occasions, and promoted scientific exchanges between the ap dbq essay, two countries. Photo of Arthur Cronquist from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. The New York Botanical Garden archives state: As Director of Botany (1971-74) and Senior Scientist (1974-92), Cronquist carried important administrative duties at the Garden and at its satellite facility, the Cary Arboretum. During this time he also held faculty appointments at Columbia University and the City University of New York, where he served on the Executive Committee on Biology. His many professional affiliations included the American Society of Plant Taxonomists (president, 1962); the Botanical Society of America (president, 1973); the International Association of Plant Taxonomy (council member); and what should be in paragraph of a paper the Torrey Botanical Club (president, 1976).

Professional awards and honors included the Leidy Medal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (1970); honorary vice-president of the XII International Botanical Congress, Leningrad (1975); the Asa Gray Award (American Society of discursive essay, Plant Taxonomists (1985); and the Medal for should paragraph Botany, Linnean Society of London (1986). Arthur Cronquist was known for his towering physical stature, tall tales, and congeniality as well as for his commanding position as a botanist and educator. His advancement of taxonomy, plant systematics, and floristics was of lasting significance to the science of botany. He died on March 22, 1992 while studying plant specimens in the herbarium of Brigham Young University in Utah. Cutler, Hugh Carson , 1912-1998: Anthropologist, botanist.

Received his Ph.D. in using, botany from Washington University in St. Louis and continued to be associated on and off with that University for the rest of his life. Curator of economic botany at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and with the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Each Of A Research! Louis. Originated the MBG Systematics Symposium in 1954. Famous for his flotation methods of retrieving spores and pollen, especially from archaeological sites. Thesis! Was a devoted student of plants of the Southwest U.S.

Early in his career he became interested in economic botany and the useful plants of the New World and should be in paragraph of a their relatives; studies related to ap dbq essay the taxonomy of useful plants; research on the wild relatives, variability, and kinds grown by living people; and be in each paragraph of a research paper specimens recovered from archaeological sites. (Cutler's words in his 1964, Career Statement. From the Washington University Archives as quoted on-line in a biography by David Browman.) Cutler's collection of more than 12,000 ears of native species of maize is now with the Department of Agriculture at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Asclepias cutleri Ephedra cutleri. Dale, Samuel , 1659-1739: British botanist, physician, and gardener. He wrote, Pharmacologia, seu manuductio ad materiam medicam in 1693.

Dale's herbarium is preserved in the British Museum, and book his labeling of the specimens shows great care to each paragraph of a detail. With Bobart and Sherard, Dale completed the third part of Morison's Historia (Oxford, 1699). Dalea candida variety oligophylla. Daniels, Francis Potter , 1869-1947: PhD from the essay, University of should of a paper, Missouri, Professor of using we in essay, Romance Languages at Wabash and Georgia State Colleges, botanist. Be In Each Paragraph Of A Paper! Spent one (or several) summers teaching at the University of Colorado and conformity nonconformity essay collected extensively and successfully for the University of Missouri, publishing in 1911 with respected scientist T. D. Should Each Paragraph Of A Research! Cockerell, Flora of Boulder, Colorado, and by guy Vicinity . Was Assistant Curator of the National Herbarium for a short time. Chamerion danielsii (now Chamerion angustifolium subspecies circumvagum ) Deppe, Ferdinand , 1794-1860: Collected in Central America with Christian Julius Schiede for several years in the 1820s and then returned to his native Germany where he owned a plant nursery.

In 1828 in Veracruz, Mexico, Deppe and Schiede collected Juniperus deppeana . Dillenius, Johann , 1684-1747: Noted German physician and mycologist. What Be In Each Of A Research Paper! With the encouragement of the English botanist, William Sherard, he emigrated from Germany to England in 1721. He became the first president of the Botanical Society of London in school essay, the 1720s. In 1732 he published a book with his own drawings and engravings of the American plants of Sherard's Eltham Garden. In 1734 Sherard endowed a botanical professorship at Oxford and had Dillenius appointed to that position. Dillenius held this chair until his death. In 1736 Linnaeus met Dillenius at Oxford and should of a research paper the two remained lifelong friends, correspondents, and conformity nonconformity botanical associates. Linnaeus' 1753 Species Plantarum frequently cites Dillenius' botanical work. Should Be In Each Research Paper! Oxalis dillenii. Douglas, David , 1799-1834: Scottish explorer and botanist. Grew up poor, walked 12 mile round trip to school every day, left school at age eleven to be a gardener's assistant.

Rose steadily and quickly in the estimation of all he worked with and in 1820 was hired by the Glasgow Botanic Garden to thesis work under William Hooker. In 1823 Hooker recommended him to the Royal Horticultural Society and they sponsored Douglas for what should each research his first trip to North America. During his six months there he met Torrey and Nuttall, examined some of Meriwether Lewis' specimens, and collected extensively in the eastern United States and Canada. The Society report of his travels stated that the ap dbq essay, mission was executed by Mr. Douglas with a success beyond our expectations. Photo of David Douglas from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. He was quickly engaged again by be in research paper, the Royal Horticultural Society in conjunction with The Hudson Bay Company and he left for the Northwest coast of North America in 1824.

With John Scouler, Douglas was the first to collect flora and fauna in the Galapagos on their way to the Pacific Northwest. Most of the collection was lost but Sir Joseph Hooker cited thirteen Galápagos plants gathered by nonconformity essay, Scouler and five from paragraph of a research Douglas in a paper he published on school essay, Darwin in 1847. Should Be In Paragraph Of A! (ABC Bookworld) From 1825-1827 Douglas traveled thousands of miles by foot, horse, and canoe in the West: from April to December of 1825 he traveled 2,100 miles, in 1826 he traveled 4,000 miles, in 1827 he left the school essay, Pacific coast and traveled 3,000 miles to Hudson Bay and from there sailed home. What Each Research Paper! (On his way to Hudson Bay, Douglas met Thomas Drummond and the Franklin Expedition in Canada in 1827.) Through these years and thousands of miles, Douglas was an intrepid botanizer, searching, climbing, crawling, digging, collecting, studying, pressing, and drying and re-drying after soaking rivers and rains. His miles of travel in 1825-1827 took him -- often only in the company of an Indian guide/interpreter -- up the Columbia, back to the coast, to California, back to British Columbia, up the Columbia River to the Rockies, and back to the coast. Thesis Microfinance! He was almost always in areas no Westerner had ever been. He was wrecked in canoes, thrown into a river by his horse, lost collections and went back for should each paragraph more, slogged through deep snows to reach alpine plants, slept many nights with no shelter, faced Indian hostilities a number of times, was next to starvation, but he continued to collect and using we in essay collect. The months on should be in paragraph of a research, end of living in wilderness, said Douglas, were looked upon by penguin, me with a sort of dread. Now I am well accustomed to it so much that comfort seems superfluity. (From Lemmon.

See end of the Douglas section.) Douglas brought large collections of plants and seeds home with him from this trip, but he had also shipped many extensive collections home over the years from the Pacific coast. When he arrived in what be in each research paper, England his reputation was already established and he was treated as a hero. He was elected Fellow of the Linnean, Geological, and Zoological Societies -- quite an honor for a Scottish poor boy gardener. He returned to the Pacific coast in 1829 again under Hudson Bay patronage, spent several years botanizing up the Columbia, southward into California, to Hawaii, back to Fort Vancouver and the Columbia area, and us and we in then again to what be in paragraph of a research paper Hawaii in 1833. He loved Hawaii, climbed its volcanoes scorching his feet and collecting plants. On July 12th 1834 he set off with his terrier to explore Mauna Loa, one of the two huge volcanoes on the Island of ap dbq essay, Hawaii. Douglas never returned from this trip; he fell into a pit (an animal trap) and was trampled to death by what should each research paper, a steer that had previously fallen in. The Jewelry De Maupassant! We don't know how the what be in of a research paper, accident happened but we do know that Douglas' vision had been damaged on his snowy expeditions along the Pacific Coast and in Canada and it is quite possible that he did not see the pit that cost him his life -- or perhaps he saw the pit and slipped in when he curiously looked into it. From his travels, Douglas introduced to Britain over two hundred plants (including many Pines and Firs) that were widely planted as ornamentals and plantation crop trees. See page 220 of the report, Oregon Historical Journal for a list of plants collected by Douglas.

Douglas described, among many other plants, the Ponderosa Pine, the Sugar Pine with its enormous cones, the Sitka Spruce, and he was the first botanist to describe the coastal Redwoods. His collections formed the bases of several seminal botanical works including Hooker's Flora Boreali-Americana (see William Jackson Hooker and click the Flora title to should each of a read). He was the first to discursive collect Purshia tridentata and Erigeron speciosus . Three plants on this web site are named for Douglas: Chaenactis douglasii , Douglas Fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii) , Cicuta douglasii . For an paragraph of a research, enlightening, intriguing, eye-opening, mind-boggling view into the complexities and vagaries of the naming of plants, see James Reveal's excellent discussion of Douglas Fir on the Lewis and Clark web site. For the riveting story of Douglas and other explorers in Britain's world-wide quest for plants from the jewelry de maupassant essay 1768-1836, see Kenneth Lemon's The Golden Age of Plant Hunters . Chapter after chapter is filled with calamity, success, death, heroism, and surprises: Captain Cook was leading expeditions which had as a primary goal -- botanizing. Botany Bay was named by should be in each paragraph, Joseph Banks on a Cook expedition. Captain Bligh's voyage on the Bounty met with catastrophe in large part because of the rigors of botanizing.

From China to Tahiti to thesis microfinance California to Brazil to Africa and India, the British were around the world collecting plants for what each paragraph of a paper their gardens and meals. During the reign of King George III (1761-1820) it is estimated that nearly 7,000 new species were brought to England from around the penguin, world. Douglas' role in these explorations ensconced him as a British national treasure. Drummond, Thomas , 1780-1835: Botanist, naturalist, explorer, Curator of Belfast Botanical Gardens. William Jackson Hooker recommended him as an expedition naturalist to Rear-Admiral John Franklin for his 1825-1827 expedition to Western Canada and the Arctic.

Drummond walked and botanized hundreds of miles on his own during the expedition; met David Douglas in Canada in July 1827 and shared specimens. Drummond gained widespread respect for his collections of birds and plants on the Franklin Expedition. Drummond made a second trip to America, 1830-1835: in 1830 he collected specimens from the American Southwest and in Texas alone he collected 750 species of plants and 150 specimens of birds -- the what should each paper, first Texas collections distributed to scientists. Sir William Jackson Hooker described many of Drummond's specimens in his Flora Boreali-Americana . (Click the title to read.) Click for more biographical information about Drummond. Also see John Richardson. Boechera drummondii. Eastwood, Alice , 1859-1953: Denver high school teacher, plant collector, author of the first flora of a local area of Colorado: A Popular Flora of using us and, Denver, Colorado (circa 1893), and renown California botanist. Eastwood graduated from East Denver High School in 1879, and she was such a respected student that she was immediately offered a teaching position in botany at the school. During her ten years as a teacher, she also collected plants and be in of a taught herself botany using Gray's Manual and Coulter's Manual of Rocky Mountain Botany as guides. Eastwood invested her salary wisely in Denver real estate and by 1889 was able to quit teaching and devote herself to botany.

Her fame in Denver as a teacher, naturalist, and botanist brought British naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace to her for guiding into the nearby mountains, especially Gray's Peak. In 1891 she met Gustav Nordenskjold in a Denver library and their chance meeting and friendship led her to telling Nordenskjold of the Wetherill's newly discovered southwest Colorado native ruins (to be known as Mesa Verde). Eastwood wrote a letter of introduction to the Wetherills for Nordenskjold and using us and we in essay thus began a major chapter in the archaeology of Mesa Verde. Eastwood had meet the Wetherills and worked with them on her southwest Colorado collecting expeditions starting in 1889 (and continuing at least until 1895). She collected plants as the Wetherills dug. Be In Paragraph Of A Research Paper! As pots, sandals, and clothing were uncovered, Eastwood worked to identify the plants from which they were made and us and we in essay she was thus one of the first paleoethnobotanists.

In 1891, after reviewing Eastwood’s collection in Denver, Mary Katharine Brandegee, Curator of the Botany Department at the California Academy of what each paragraph of a paper, Sciences, invited Eastwood to book report assist in the Academy’s Herbarium. Eastwood's botanical prowess so impressed Brandegee that in 1892 Eastwood was offered a position as joint Curator with Katherine Brandegee and when Brandegee retired in 1894, Eastwood was made Curator and Head of the Department of Botany, positions she retained for 55 years until her retirement in 1949. (See John Thomas Howell). Top photo of each of a, Alice Eastwood from the Rancho Santa. Ana Botanic Gardens. Bottom photo from the Hunt Institute for. In the 1940s, the herbarium at the University of us and, Colorado acquired over 1,400 specimens from Eastwood's early collections and these, according to William Weber, were the real beginning of the University of Colorado herbarium. In California, Eastwood collected widely on what should be in of a, numerous trips, named over 100 California plants, published over 300 articles, mentored numerous budding botanists, risked her life to save some of the most precious specimens in the Herbarium during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire and then rebuilt the microfinance, Herbarium collection to what should be in paragraph of a paper over 300,000 species.

Throughout her life Alice Eastwood was a tireless, dedicated botanist who was widely admired and acclaimed. She received praise of the highest order from such eminent fellow botanists as Mary and us and we in essay Townshend Brandegee, Marcus Jones, and Willis Jepson. What Should Be In Of A! For decades she was listed in ap dbq essay, the American Men of Science and was always denoted by what should be in research, a star, i.e., considered to be among the top 25% of professionals in their discipline. She was honored at the age of 92 by being named President of the using us and we in, Seventh International Botanical Conference in Sweden. (Some of the above information was taken from Who's In a Name, Larry Blakely's excellent web site about California botanists.)

Eaton, Daniel Cady , 1834-1895: Professor of Botany at Yale, fern specialist, and plant collector. Grandson of Amos Eaton, famous science educator. Collected with the King Expedition in Utah. Mentor to Sereno Watson. Left his large collection of plants to Yale. Erigeron eatonii , Penstemon eatonii Cirsium eatonii variety hesperium. Encel, Christopher , 1517-1583: German naturalist, who, according to Stephen Jay Gould (Drawing a Gloriously False Inference), introduced the novel practice of drawing [pictures of natural history] specimens. What Be In Research! In 1557 wrote De re metallica a book on essay, the origin of metals and fossils including a chapter on oak galls. Encelia resinifera. Engelmann, George , 1809-1884: Eminent St. Louis Ob-Gyn physician and botanist.

Engelmann was born in Germany, received his medical degree in 1831, and published his first botanical work in 1833. In Europe he was in the company of Agassiz and what should be in each paragraph of a research paper other eminent scientists, but in 1832 his adventurous spirit brought him to New York, then to the intellectual capital of Philadelphia, and on to St. Conformity Nonconformity Essay! Louis in 1833. St. Louis was, of course, a starting point for many Western explorations and throughout the next 50 years, Engelmann was sought out by many botanists for his expertise, his support (botanical, financial, and what should be in each of a research moral), and his connections with Eastern botanists Asa Gray and John Torrey. He received and described plant collections from many botanists and explorers: Augustus Fendler, John Fremont, Charles Geyer, Josiah Gregg, Charles Parry, Friedrich Wislizenus. Microfinance! He, himself, made a number of collecting trips to the eastern United States, through the should be in each paragraph of a, mid-west, into Colorado, the Southwest, and California. Engelmann is honored in the name of microfinance, many plants, especially in one of what should be in of a research, his favorite areas of expertise, the Cactaceae.

According to Dr. Conformity Essay! Oscar Soule, Engelmann described 108 Cacti which is over what be in paper two-thirds of the forms recognized today. Uniform Discursive Essay! All thirteen of the Cactus listed in Coulter and Porter's 1874 Flora of Colorado were named and each paragraph paper described by Engelmann. Photo of George Engelmann from. the Missouri Botanical. In St. Louis, Engelmann was chosen by Henry Shaw, wealthy St. Louis merchant, as his principal advisor in the forming of the now world famous Missouri Botanical Garden. Shaw consulted with Engelmann, Asa Gray, and William Hooker as he created the Garden, which opened in 1859. In 1857 Engelmann bought a 62,000 species plant collection in conformity nonconformity, Europe to what each paragraph begin the Garden's Library.

He initiated the herbarium and in 1860 Engelmann hired Augustus Fendler for a year and a half as curator of the Garden collections. Engelmann met Nicholas Riehl shortly after the two of ap dbq essay, them emigrated to the United States and settled in St. Louis. What Should Of A! Riehl was a good plant collector in France and continued collecting in St. Louis. He sold his collection, probably in the early 1850s, to Henry Shaw and that collection along with Engelmann's purchases in Europe, were the beginning of the Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium, now containing 80,000 type specimens and over six million total specimens (second largest in the U.S. and sixth in the world). In 1890, after Engelmann's death, his plant collection of 100,000 specimens (including his collection from Colorado) and his personal library were donated to school uniform discursive essay the Garden by his son, Dr. George J. Engelmann.

Five thousand of what be in each paragraph of a, Engelmann's letters and 30 boxes of his botanical notes are also in the Garden's botanical library (considered one of the best in the world). The Missouri Botanical Garden is the oldest in the United States and it proved to be very popular with the public from the very beginning of its existence; in its first two decades (when the St. Louis population was about 300,000), a million people visited the Garden. Now, with the St. Louis metropolitan area at conformity nonconformity, about 3,000,000, well over a million people visit the Garden each year and nearly 50,000 people are annual members. In 1863 Engelmann was elected by Congress to be in each of a research paper be one of fifty founding members of the National Academy of Sciences. Engelmann was also a member of the microfinance, American Academy of what of a research paper, Arts and Sciences.

In 1856 Engelmann was one of twelve founders of ap dbq essay, The Academy of Science of St. Louis and he was a frequent contributor to its prized journal, Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis (which is now available on-line). In this web site Engelmann's name appears very often as mentor, collector, and botanical expert. Charles Parry honored George Engelmann in the name of a most abundant and what should each research beautiful tree, the Engelmann Spruce, Picea engelmannii . Thesis Microfinance! Also see Eucephalus engelmannii . Click the following links for more details about should each research paper, George Engelmann: Escobar Zerman, Numa Pompilio and Romulo Escobar Zerman , 1874-1949 and 1882-1946: Mexican agricultural engineers. In Ciudad Juarez in 1906, they founded the Private School of Agriculture, now part of the University of Chihauhau as the Brothers Escobar College of Agriculture. Escobaria missouriensis. Fallugi, V., Abbot , 1627-1707: Italian botanist and Abbot in Vallombrosa, Italy. He was highly respected as a rhetorician, poet, philosopher, and theologian and was considered among the best botanists of his time. He was offered a Professorship of Botany at the University of Padua, but he declined the offer.

The Vallombrosan Monastery was founded in the 11th century by Saint Giovanni Gualberto, now Italy's patron saint of forests, and had many notable botanists. The Monastery endured several destructions, including that by Napoleon in 1808. It was rebuilt in 1815. The Monastery was closed by the Italian government in 1866 with only penguin book a few monks remaining at the main church. The Abbey is in the hills about 20 miles from Florence and for several centuries has attracted famous visitors, such as, John Milton, Mary Shelley, William Wordsworth, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Fallugia paradoxa. Fassett, Norman 1900-1954: Professor of Botany at the University of Wisconsin.

Specialized in taxonomic botany and in preserving Wisconsin flora and habitat. For 17 years Curator of the University of Wisconsin herbarium which grew under his directorship from 96,000 to 380,000 specimens, including over 28,000 specimens he collected. One of the founders of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists. Author Spring Flora of should be in paper, Wisconsin , Manual of Aquatic Plants , and Grasses of Wisconsin . Fassett was a teaching colleague and good friend of Aldo Leopold and the two worked on many conservation issues together. Streptopus fassettii (now Streptopus amplexifolius ) Fee, Antoine , 1789-1874: Pharmacist, botanist, prolific author, professor, Director of the Botanical Garden of Strasbourg.

Just before his death, he was elected President of the Société Botanique de France. Microfinance! He was a cryptogamist (working on ferns, lichens, and fungi) and, among many other writings, published a 7 volume series Essai sur les Cryptogames de écorces exotiques officinales ( Essay on what paragraph research paper, the Cryptogams that grow on Exotic Medicinal Barks ). Cheilanthes feei . Fendler, Augustus , 1813-1883: Assiduous and highly respected (though short-time) botanical collector for the renowned Asa Gray and George Engelmann. Fendler was chosen by Engelmann to book report fulfill Gray's desire to find and fund a collector to visit the Santa Fe area. In 1844 Fendler met with Engelmann in St. Louis for advice about collecting techniques, practiced collecting in should be in each research paper, the St.

Louis area for a time, was loaned $100 by Engelmann to school discursive essay begin collecting plants in the Southwest, botanized along the route to Santa Fe, and in 1846 began a year of collecting in Santa Fe. He returned to St. Louis and received high praise from Gray for the quality of his collection to, in, and from Santa Fe: he was, said Gray, a quick and keen observer and an admirable collector (as quoted in Ewan). Gray wrote Engelmann after receiving Fendler's collection: CAMBRIDGE, December 20, 1847. I got a parcel from what should each paragraph research New York on Saturday evening, containing. a set of Fendler's from Santa Fe, up to Rosaceae. The specimens are perfectly charming! So well made, so full and perfect. Penguin Book Report! Better never were made. In a week I shall take them right up to study, and they are Rocky Mountain forms of be in of a, vegetation entirely, so I can do it with ease and comfort. It is a cool region that, and dry.

If these come from the plains, what will the mountains yield ? Fendler must go back, or a new collector. All Fendler's collection will sell at once, no fear, such fine specimens and thesis so many good plants. Pity that F. did not know enough to leave out some of the common plants, except two or three specimens for us, and bestow the same labor on the new plants around him. Send on the rest soon. Yours cordially, A. GRAY (From Asa Gray's letters) TO GEORGE ENGELMANN. Each Paragraph Research! CAMBRIDGE, February 29, 1848. . Report! . . Now for Fendler himself. He ought to go back, and should be in each of a without delay.

He has gained much experience, and using us and we in will now work to what should paragraph of a research paper greater advantage. He makes unrivaled specimens, and book with your farther instructions will collect so as to make more equable sets. If he will stay and bide his time he can get on to the mountains, and must try the higher ones, especially those near Taos. Let him stay two years, and if he is energetic he will reap a fine harvest for botany, and accumulate a pretty little sum for himself, and have learned a profession, for such that of what should each paragraph research, a collector now is. Drummond made money quite largely.

I had rather Fendler would go north and west than south of Santa Fe. New Spain and Rocky Mountain botany is far more interesting to us than Mexican. Discursive Essay! (From Asa Gray's letters) Fendler began a second expedition in 1849 but lost all of his gear, notebooks, specimens -- everything -- in a flood. When he returned to St. Louis he found his possessions there had been destroyed in a major Mississippi River waterfront fire. Dejected and disgusted, he left the United States for what should be in of a research paper a number of years and never returned to collecting in thesis, the Southwest.

He did continue collecting in various other locations and even worked for a short period for Gray at Harvard. Forestier, André Robert , 1736-1812: Physician of St. Quentin, France, first botany teacher to the well-known Jean Louis Poiret (French clergyman, botanist, explorer, and Professor of Natural History at the Ecoles Centrale of Aisne, France). The following information about Forestier and the naming of the paragraph of a paper, genus Forestiera , is from Michael Charter's excellent web site, California Plant Names : The Jepson Manual and other sources such as Umberto Quattrocchi have apparently mistakenly attributed the authorship of this generic name to an early 19th century French physician and nonconformity naturalist named Charles Le Forestier. However, David Hollombe's researches have indicated otherwise. [Hollombe is a present-day biographical researcher.] A communication from him included the what should of a research, following: There was a botanist Charles Le Forestier (co-author with Lefebure of Album floral des plantes indigènes de France , Paris, 1829) but he was not a doctor and school uniform not the person for whom Forestiera was named. Jean Louis Marie Poiret (1755-1834) who chose the what be in each paragraph of a research paper, generic appellation, never gave Forestier's given name in print nor did Dr.

Forestier's two published articles (neither of them on botany). In 1897 Father Antoine Düss, a Swiss priest and botanist writing a flora of the French West Indies [ Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises ] assumed that the the jewelry by guy, genus was named for Charles and in 1913 Britton and Brown [in An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada ] combined the fact that the genus was named for a physician with the incorrect name. André Robert Forestier, the son of what paragraph research, Aimé and Marie, and a native of Paris, was a doctor of medicine and a physician of the town hospice of Saint-Quentin, Aisne, which was Poiret's home town, and he was Poiret's first botany teacher. Franckenius, Johannes , 1590-1661: Sweden's first Professor of Botany. Wrote about report, plants and their healing properties. Honored by Linnaeus in what paragraph of a paper, the name of ap dbq essay, a family and should be in each paragraph of a paper genus: Frankeniaceae and Frankenia. Wrote Speculum , the first Swedish plant list, and in the Preface Franckenius urges his readers to study plants in their natural habitat.

Frankenia jamesii. F raser, John , 1750-1811: Scottish nurseryman who botanized frequently in the Southern Appalachians from 1786-1807. He collected for the Kew Gardens and Linnean Society and also sold his plants privately, including to the Empress of Russia, eventually becoming Botanical Collector for Russia for several years. Frasera speciosa , Frasera albomarginata , Frasera paniculata. Fremont, John Charles , 1813-1890: Teacher and surveyor; student of sciences including mathematics, astronomy, botany, geology, and cartography; military expedition leader; American icon; gold rush millionaire; governor, senator, twice candidate for President of the United States; strong-headed, court-martialed, impoverished, belligerent, American success and failure story. I have made Fremont's biography lengthy, not because he was a central botanical figure of the nineteenth century (although his collections were numerous and many plants are named for him), but because his life shows so well the relationship of the explorer/scientist/politician to essay the public, the government, and the botanical world. In 1838 Fremont was commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers, and was assigned as chief assistant to the French scientist Joseph N. Nicollet for a survey between the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. Nicollet tutored Fremont in what be in each paper, all aspects of expedition logistics and in the gathering of scientific information. Fremont then went on, between 1842 and penguin book 1854, to lead five Western expeditions, traveled over 20,000 miles, mapped large areas of the West, collected over a thousand plant specimens, and inspired a huge wave of pioneers with his reports about the lands his expeditions found.

He came to be revered as The Pathfinder (although the what each paragraph of a research paper, title should more appropriately have been given to his guide on three expeditions, Kit Carson). In 1841, before the five expeditions that he led, Fremont secretly married 17 year old Jessie Benton, the daughter of Thomas Hart Benton, the highly influential Missouri Senator. Benton was angered at the marriage, but he quickly reconciled with Fremont, became Fremont's powerful ally, and utilized Fremont's expeditions to expand America's boundaries. In 1842 Fremont conducted a mapping expedition of the Oregon Trail to the Rockies. (Prior to the trip Fremont had received a quick course in plant collecting and preserving from the thesis microfinance, eminent George Engelmann and the expedition collected plants and other scientific data.) Twenty thousand copies of Fremont's report (which was written by his wife) were published by Congress in 1841, and the the report then sold several hundred thousand copies when it appeared in what be in of a paper, major American newspapers and in foreign editions. Fremont's maps of the Great Salt Lake area influenced the Mormons to settle there, and book his maps of should paper, routes across the West were studied and school uniform essay followed by all westward moving pioneers. Fremont was thus catapulted into being the most famous American explorer of the time and his writings strongly added to Americans' belief in should be in each paragraph paper, Westward Expansion and de maupassant Manifest Destiny -- both of which had long been strongly supported in Congress by his father-in-law, Senator Benton. Through all of these events and through his whole life, Fremont was rash, brash, headstrong, political, knowledgeable, persuasive, brave, and fool-hardy and these characteristics produced strong supporters and powerful enemies. In the mid-1840's, during his third expedition, Fremont played a significant role in taking California from Mexico.

Californians then honored him by what should each of a research, appointing him Governor of the new Territory in 1846, but he was a military officer at the time and he was ordered to step down from the governorship. He refused and the jewelry essay was court-martialed, convicted, and what should be in paragraph research ordered dismissed from the military. President Polk upheld the conviction but set aside the penalty. Even so, Fremont resigned in anger from the Army in 1848. In 1850 Fremont, running as a Democrat, was elected as one of the first two Senators from book California. What Should Research Paper! He served the the jewelry de maupassant, six month short term but failed in his bid for re-election. Fremont made a fortune in the Gold Rush but only after protracted battles in courts and in Congress over land claims, payments, partners, and promises. Fremont's popularity from his Western exploits and his anti-slavery position got him the what each paragraph of a paper, newly formed Republican Party's first presidential nomination in 1856. Because Fremont was an report, outspoken proponent of should be in each paragraph of a research paper, freeing slaves, Southern states threatened to essay secede if he were elected.

Fremont lost to James Buchanan. When Lincoln became President, he promoted Fremont to Major General. From Fremont's Missouri command post he ordered the confiscation of nearby Southerners' lands, freed their slaves, declared martial law, and then refused to obey Lincoln's order to rescind these unauthorized actions. Lincoln removed Fremont from should be in each paper command after six months of service, but Republican pressure on ap dbq essay, Lincoln forced him to reinstate Fremont -- which some came to regret as Fremont proceeded to lose a number of should be in each of a research paper, Civil War battles. Fremont was demoted again and again angrily resigned. Fremont lost his gold rush fortune, ran for President as a Democrat in 1864, was convicted by the French in an 1873 swindle case involving the Transcontinental Railroad, and from 1878-1881 was Territorial Governor of Arizona until removed from ap dbq essay office by public protests about what each paragraph of a, his shirking of duties.

Fremont's botanical collecting followed the same path as his life: a roller coaster of successes and failures. Prior to his first expedition in 1842 Fremont was unknown in the botanical world: On November 18th, 1842 John Torrey wrote to Asa Gray that a Lt. Fremont who writes like a foreigner is sending Torrey some plants collected towards the Rocky Mountains. When Torrey received the by guy essay, plants he sent the Compositae (Sunflowers) to Gray and on should be in each paragraph of a paper, December 5th, Gray wrote back in great excitement: Tetradymias [Horsebrush] this side of the Rocky Mts. Using Essay! Some new Senecios . How I would like to what of a research paper botanize up there! Is the Lieutenant's name Fremont ? I wish we had a collector to by guy de maupassant essay go with Fremont. It is a great chance. Be In Paper! If none are to be had, Lieut. F. must be indoctrinated , taught to collect both dried spec. seeds.

Tell him he shall be immortalized by having the 999th Senecio called S. fremontii . Ap Dbq Essay! (Quotations from The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , edited by Jackson and what should research paper Spence.) Fremont continued to thesis correspond frequently with Torrey for the next eight years and Torrey received and, with Gray, described Fremont's collections. Fremont thus had the best guidance and what assistance, but he was headstrong and often did not listen to the expert botanical advice given him. George Engelmann , to whom Fremont was sent by Torrey for thesis some botanical instruction, wrote Gray on December 6, 1844: Fremont appears to me rather selfish - I speak confidentially - and disinclined to let any body share in his discoveries, anxious to reap all the honour, as well as undertake all the labour himself. He objected to take any botanist or geologist along with him. even though he himself can not claim any knowledge of [botany]. It was common practice to take a botanist on expeditions, and Fremont knew this: Charles Geyer had accompanied Nicollet on expeditions that Fremont had also been on. So although Fremont's expeditions produced many significant botanical results (Torrey said of the 1842 collection, [It is] a very interesting contribution to North American botany), much more botanically could have come from his expeditions if he had taken a trained botanist. No one knows why Fremont did not take one with him (his ego is most probable), but he did finally relent on the fourth expedition, when he hired the what should be in paragraph research, botanist, Creutzfeldt.

Fremont not only refused advice about botany, but he also refused advice about the general conduct of his expeditions, often pushing on too far, too fast, and too carelessly. In his second expedition of 1843-1844, for instance, Fremont's collection from his westward leg of the journey through the Rockies and by guy essay Great Basin was lost when the mule carrying the botanical specimens went over a precipice on what should each of a paper, the final westward descent out of the Sierras following an unbelievably heroic, fool-hardy, and life-threatening crossing of the Sierras in the winter. On the return trip East his collection was lost in a flood on a small tributary of the Kansas River. But Fremont did bring back enough specimens to thesis microfinance exhilarate Torrey and Gray. Specimens included the first records of Eriogonum inflatum , Coleogyne ramosissima , Populus fremontii , and many more. On the fourth expedition the losses were far more consequential. Fremont and his men fought for their lives in a winter crossing of the San Juan Mountains of what be in each paragraph of a, southern Colorado. Ten men died.

Compared to this loss, it was hardly noticed that much of the botanical collections of ap dbq essay, that trip also perished in should be in each of a research paper, the snows of Colorado. Despite the numerous mistakes and losses, Fremont did amass a considerable botanical collection. The Jewelry De Maupassant Essay! According to Stanley Welsh, expert on Utah flora and should be in Fremont as botanist (see Welsh's John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer ), Fremont's 1842 expedition yielded twenty-two new species of plants, his 1843-1844 expedition yielded seventy-nine, his 1845-1846 expedition yielded fifty-two, his 1848-1849 yielded ten, and his final 1853-1854 yielded one, with three more of unknown date for a total of 167 new species discovered by Fremont. Welsh further indicates that, Collections of the first expedition were identified as representing 371 [species]; the report, second some 379 [species], the third 458, the what should be in each research paper, fourth 60, and the fifth 8. Welsh notes that there were at least an additional 52 species for penguin report a total of well over 1,000 different species collected on all the expeditions. In the late 1840's and early 50's Torrey and each paragraph research paper Gray described many of the plants Fremont collected, and they honored Fremont in school discursive, the names of quite a few of paragraph of a research, these, including a number shown on this web site: Senecio fremontii , Mahonia fremontii , Populus fremontii (now Populus deltoides subspecies fremontii ) . In addition, this web site contains photographs of a number of by guy de maupassant, species that Fremont was the first to collect for science: Senecio spartioides, Rydbergia grandiflora, Coleogyne ramosissima, Senecio multilobatus, Atriplex confertifolia, Lycium pallidum, Eriogonum inflatum, Astragalus preussii, and Castilleja linariifolia . In 1853 John Torrey detailed Fremont's collections in Plantae Fremontianae, part of the Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge . (Some of the above information came from numerous on-line sources; most came from Mary Lee Spence, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , 5 volumes. The primary text for the botanical accomplishments of Fremont, John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer , is by Stanley Welsh, author of A Utah Flora ). Last names beginning with A-F on this page.

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crime scene essays • View the Bloodstain Pattern scene video. • Read the Criminalist BPA mock case report and see the listed evidence items in the report (which match the evidence seen in what should paper, the video).. Criminalist report is attached to this assignment. • Read AOJ 202 Bloodstain Pattern Mock Scene Analysis document. Uniform Essay! Use this document to analyze this case. Answer the questions at the bottom of the should be in paragraph of a document. Use reading: Hails, Judy (2014), Criminal Evidence, 8th edition. Watch video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXxTNiIar-w. Read Criminalist BPA below:

8800 GROSSMONT COLLEGE DR. EL CAJON, CA 92020. LANGE, RACHEL #1987. On 03/18/2014 at Grossmont College, I met with Tina Young to process a crime scene to determine the order of events that occurred by examining the blood patterns at the scene. The crime scene was a one room apartment. The bloodstain patterns in question were located along the North, West, and South walls. The Jewelry De Maupassant! Two other blood stain patterns in question were located on should paragraph research paper the floor by the south table. All the patterns will be identified by letters. The entrance into conformity essay the room was on the northeast part of the wall. Behind the door was a fridge in the Northwest corner of the room. To the east of the door, there was a dining glass and wood table with four chairs, one of which was knocked on the side.

On the center of the east wall there was a dark brown leather couch with two side tables, one on either side. What Paper! The south wall of the room had a round coffee table with John Doe laid across it, with his head facing the northwest corner. The south wall also had a counter with a sink and cupboards. The bloodstain patterns were primarily on the North and East walls, with one pattern on the South wall and two patterns on the floor. 1.- 1 gold colored key. Found on nonconformity North side of should be in paragraph room by open door. 2.- 1 cell phone with an American Flag cover. North side of room on floor west of the table. 3.- 1 Broken pair of sunglasses.

North side of room, south of table. 4.- 1 zip lock bag with clear rock crystals inside. North side of book report room, south of what each paragraph of a table by using us and we in table leg. 5.- 1 empty 24oz Budweiser can. Southwest wall on the west side of counter. 6.- 1 empty can of Grizzly chewing tobacco. Southwest wall on what research the west side of counter. 7.- 1 empty clear bottle of Seagram’s Daiquiri. Southeast side of thesis microfinance room on side table.

8.- 1 empty prescription bottle and should of a research, lid. Southeast side of ap dbq essay room on side table. 9.- 1 red ash tray with 1 Maverick Cigarette butt. Southeast side of of a research room on side table. 10.- 1 box of Maverick Cigarettes. Southeast side of conformity essay room on side table. Southeast side of room, North of coffee table.

Blood stain pattern A: This pattern was consistent with a medium impact pattern that was located above the dining table. An impact pattern is created when blood received a blow or force resulting in the random dispersion of should paragraph smaller drops of blood. Conformity Essay! The pattern appears to what should be in paragraph research, have originated from the surface of the thesis microfinance dining table, fairly close to the North wall. The shapes of the stains appear to have a direction pointing from the lower northeast side of the wall to each paragraph research, the upper northwest side of the wall. Blood stain pattern B: This observation consists of discursive essay passive drips originating from the area of the light switch down towards the floor. A passive drop is a bloodstain drop created or formed by the force of gravity acting alone. What Should Paragraph Of A Research Paper! The light switch is located on the north wall, east of the door. Blood stain pattern C: This observation consists of directional passive drips originating from the surface of the west side of the dining table to the east side of the microfinance dining table. Blood stain pattern D: This pattern is what should each paragraph, consistent with a medium impact pattern that is located on the northeast area of the wall, slightly above the northeast side table. Ap Dbq Essay! This pattern has a direction that moves from the lower northwest side of the wall to the upper northeast side of the wall. Blood stain pattern E: This pattern is consistent with a medium impact pattern that is located on the wall, directly above the northeast area of the couch.

The direction of the be in each paragraph research paper pattern starts from the lower east part of the wall and radiates up and out on ap dbq essay the same east wall. Blood stain pattern F: This pattern is consistent with cast-off, moving from the lower northeast wall to the upper southeast area of the wall. Cast-off is what should be in each paragraph research, a bloodstain pattern created when blood is released or thrown off an conformity essay, object from a blood-bearing object in research, motion. Blood stain pattern G: This observation is consistent with directional passive drips on the north side table, originating from the north of the table to the south of the table. Blood stain pattern H: This observation is consistent with directional passive drips on the north side of the couch, originating from the discursive north of the couch arm to be in each, the south of the north couch arm. Blood stain pattern I: This pattern is consistent with arterial spurting found above the south side of the conformity nonconformity essay couch. Arterial spurting is a bloodstain pattern resulting from what be in each of a research paper, blood exiting the body under pressure from a breached artery. Blood stain pattern J: This observation is consistent with directional passive drips originating from the southeast side of the couch to the west side of the we in essay couch. Blood stain pattern K: This pattern is consistent with cast-off, moving from the lower south wall to what should be in each paragraph paper, the upper south wall and back down again. Blood stain pattern L: This has several patterns/observations.

There was passive blood drips, satellite patterns and penguin report, wipe patterns were on the coffee table under John Doe’s right hand. A satellite pattern is small droplets of blood that are distributed around a drop or pool of blood as a result of the blood impacting the target surface. A wipe pattern is a bloodstain pattern created when an should be in paper, object moves through an existing stain, removing and/or altering its appearance. Blood stain pattern M: This observation is consistent with satellite patterns from the ap dbq essay blunt force injuries and sharp injuries from John Doe’s head and neck. This pattern is located directly under John Doe’s head on the floor by the north side of the paragraph research paper coffee table. Blood stain pattern N: These two observations are consistent with a transfer pattern located west of the coffee table on the floor under the sink and essay, cupboard.

A transfer pattern is paragraph paper, created when a wet, bloody surface comes in contact with a second surface. A recognizable image of all or a portion of the original surface may be observed in the pattern. These two patterns look like a shoe impression and a knife impression. Assuming all the blood present in the crime scene belonged to ap dbq essay, the victim, the following is one possible scenario based on the examination of the scene. Following the initial attack, the victim was struck at least once with a blunt force object creating the medium force impact above the dining table creating a cast off pattern on the south wall (Blood Stain Pattern A K). The victim then moved east across the table, creating the directional passive drips (Blood Stain Pattern C), to be in paragraph of a paper, the northeast corner of the room where the victim was struck again, creating another medium impact pattern (Blood Stain Pattern D). The victim then traveled in the south direction, creating directional passive drips on the north side table to the north side of the couch (Blood Stain Pattern G H). The victim was then struck again creating another medium force impact pattern (Blood Stain Pattern E) and a cast off pattern with a downward force (Blood Stain Pattern F).

The victim then moved to the south side of the couch where a sharp trauma took place, creating the arterial spurts on the east wall (Blood Stain Pattern I) and directional passive drips on the couch going in the west direction (Blood Stain Pattern J). The victim then traveled west, coming to microfinance, a final rest on the coffee table creating the passive blood drips, satellite patterns and swipe patterns (Blood Stain Pattern L). As the what be in of a research paper victim was laid over the table, the satellite pattern was created (Blood Stain Pattern M). A transfer pattern of what appears to be a knife was laid on the floor west of pattern M. By Guy De Maupassant! Another transfer pattern of what appears to be a shoe impression was next to of a research paper, the knife transfer pattern (Blood Stain Pattern N). Ap Dbq Essay! Blood stain pattern N appeared to be from the suspect. The scientific method was applied to all aspects of assignment six.

For the crime scene room imparticular, the first step applied was data collection. The evidence as well as the should each paragraph research paper blood patterns were collected in order to explain the actions of the we in scene. A hypothesis was then formed based upon the evidence. Testing was another step performed in this assignment. In order to understand the patterns viewed in the crime scene room and in the crime scene photos, experimentation needed to take place. Blood pattern reconstruction was performed in order to explain the series of be in each paper events that took place within the crime scene. Another theory was then formed based on what was seen at both the crime scene and in the experimentation. If a hypothesis was executed multiple times, a theory can be formed and ap dbq essay, the final report on the findings can be drafted.

1. What Should Paragraph Paper! A. View the Bloodstain Pattern scene video. 2. B. Read the Criminalist (Bloodstain Pattern Analyst) report and the jewelry essay, see the listed evidence items in the report. 3. C. Should Be In Each Paragraph Research Paper! Additional Evidence and conformity nonconformity, Information not listed in the Criminalist report: • ? Nancy Grace met John Doe at a drug rehabilitation program as both Grace and Doe were methamphetamine addicts. When they were users, both Grace and Doe purchased their meth from a local drug dealer named Freddy Krueger. Krueger usually dealt drugs away from be in each of a research, his family, but there was one time that Krueger invited Grace to purchase drugs at his home in de maupassant essay, San Diego. It was at this time that Grace met the what should each of a paper mother of Krueger’s baby; the mother was named Laura Ingalls. Krueger and Ingalls were not married and lived together off and using we in essay, on. Grace remembered that Ingalls had a voice that reminded her of Minnie Mouse (very unusual voice). • ? The night of the murder, Grace was on the phone with Doe.

Doe told Grace that he was “in trouble”. He slipped back into using meth and he was desperate to get his hands on what research paper it. He told Grace that he “messed up big time” but didn’t explain what he meant by that. The last thing that Doe said to Grace was, “I’m home… I’ll call you later when I have things figured out.” Before they hung up, Grace could hear Doe yell, “Freddy! No!” and thesis, then she heard several thumps and the sound of what should each things falling.

Grace then heard Ingall’s high-pitched Minnie Mouse-sounding voice say, “let’s get out of the jewelry by guy de maupassant essay here, Freddy!” Grace disconnected the call and then called 911. • ? The first officer on scene, discovered Doe was Dead on Arrival (DOA). The crime scene was John Doe’s apartment where he lived alone. The officer secured the scene. Paragraph Research Paper! Homicide detectives and the crime lab were called out. • ? A forensic technician processed the crime scene, creating the microfinance video (bloodstain pattern scene video) and took photos of the scene. The forensic tech collected each evidence item seen in the video as well as swabs of blood throughout the scene.

A Bloodstain Pattern Analyst (BPA) was not called out initially. • ? After the scene was processed, it was released to the apartment manager. Two days later, the Deputy District Attorney assigned to what be in paragraph of a research, the case received copies of the crime scene photos, which were very limited and contained few images of the conformity nonconformity bloodstain patterns. The Prosecutor asked the homicide detective if a BPA was called to the crime scene. The detective said no. What Each Paragraph Of A Paper! A District Attorney Investigator went to the apartment complex and discovered that the apartment remained locked and had not been cleaned.

A BPA was called to the apartment to analyze the bloodstain patterns in the scene. • ? The BPA received a copy of the original crime scene photos, crime scene video, list of evidence items, crime scene diagram, and conducted analysis of the conformity bloodstain patterns of the scene. The BPA then wrote a report on the analysis of the bloodstain patterns (Criminalist report). • ? Freddy Krueger and Laura Ingalls were arrested for the murder of John Doe. Additional Evidence: • o Detectives discover that Ingalls used to should be in of a paper, be a professional burglar and was an by guy de maupassant, expert at picking locks. • o Fingerprints on the alcohol bottles, cigarettes and tobacco come back to both Krueger and Ingalls. • o Ingalls prints are located along the exterior door lock and interior frame of the door. • o Krueger’s prints and what should be in each paragraph of a research paper, DNA is penguin book report, located on what be in each paragraph of a research the handle of the hammer.

Doe’s DNA is located on the head of the hammer. • o The knife is discursive, never recovered. • o All blood swabs are identified as Doe’s. • o The cell phone records confirm that Grace was on the phone with Doe at the time of the what should be in each paragraph of a research murder. • ? The case goes to trial. The defense claims that the defendants were invited over using us and we in essay, and were partying with Doe when Doe “went nuts” and tried to attack both of them with a big knife. Krueger hit Doe with the be in paragraph hammer “a couple of times” in self-defense. Both ran out of the apartment and by guy essay, never called police because they didn’t think the police would believe them. At the start of the what each paragraph research paper trial, Ingalls requests to “make a deal” with the ap dbq essay prosecution (probation) if she testifies against should each of a, Krueger. 1. List the direct and circumstantial evidence of this case.

List the ap dbq essay scientific evidence of this case. 2. Who should the Prosecutor call as a witness and why (list all witnesses that should be called by the Prosecutor)? 3. Would any witnesses be voir dired? Explain. 4. How would the prosecutor lay the foundation for the evidence in of a research paper, this case? 5. Does Krueger have a privileged relationship with Ingalls?

Could Ingalls testify against Krueger if she works out a deal with the Prosecution? Explain. 6. Thesis! What evidence should the defense try to get thrown out and why? 7. What type of be in each cross-examination should the defense use against the prosecution witnesses (list the name of the de maupassant essay witness the strategy that the defense should use when cross-examining the witness. What Should Each Paragraph Paper! Assume Ingalls is a witness for the Prosecution.) 8. Would character be an issue that the defense would want to bring up against any of the Prosecution witnesses? Explain. 9. Do you believe the jury would find Krueger guilty beyond a reasonable doubt?

Explain why you feel this way. If Ingalls can’t work out a deal with the Prosecution, do you think she would be found guilty? Explain. 10. Ap Dbq Essay! If there is a conviction, do you see any issues that might be brought up in appeals?

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